HUMAN FACTORS AS THEY AFFECT METHODS IMPROVEMENT IN CONSTRUCTION

SOME OF THE HUMAN PROBLEMS THAT THE CONTRACTOR AND HIS MANAGEMENT MUST SOLVE IN THE FIELD ARE DISCUSSED. INFORMATION IS PRESENTED ON TWO TOPICS THAT ARE PERTINENT TO THE HUMAN PROBLEMS BEING FACED: (1) THE EXPERIENCE OF MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY WHEN SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT WAS INTRODUCED, AND (2) THE KNOWLEDGE OF HUMAN BEHAVIOR THAT HAS BEEN DISCOVERED BY SYSTEMATIC SCIENTIFIC STUDY, THESE TWO TOPICS ARE RELATED TO THE SPECIFIC PROBLEMS OF CONSTRUCTION. THE DEGREE TO WHICH AN OPERATION CAN BE IMPROVED BY SYSTEMATIC METHODS IMPROVEMENT WILL DEPEND ON: (1) THE METHOD IMPROVEMENT TECHNIQUE USED, (2) THE TIME AND EFFORT DEVOTED TO IT, AND (3) THE SKILL, CREATIVITY AND EXPERIENCE OF THE PEOPLE DEVELOPING THE NEW METHODS. THE PROBLEMS OF IMPLEMENTATION AND THE ACCEPTANCE OF NEW METHODS WERE INVESTIGATED. FINDINGS OF THE BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES OF CHANGING A MAN'S ESTABLISHED WORK HABITS ARE REPORTED. THESE FINDINGS, BY SHOWING HOW A WORKMAN GAINS SATISFACTION FROM HIS JOB, ILLUSTRATE HOW CHANGES WHICH INCREASE A WORKMAN'S JOB SATIASFACTION CAN BE ACCEPTABLE TO HIM. IT IS CLAIMED THAT AN EVEREXPANDING KNOWLEDGE OF HUMAN BEHAVIOR IS A VALUABLE ASSET FOR ANY CONSTRUCTION SUPERVISOR, AND THAT THE BAHAVIORAL SCIENCES NOW PROVIDE AN ALTERNATIVE TO SITE EXPERIENCE AS A SOURCE OF LEARNING ABOUT HUMAN BEHAVIOR.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Tr No 45, 58 PP, 52 REF
  • Corporate Authors:

    Stanford University

    Department of Civil Engineering
    Stanford, CA  USA  94305
  • Authors:
    • Jones, W L
  • Publication Date: 1964-9

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00215269
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 3 1970 12:00AM