GRASSES AND LEGUMES - SYMPOSIUM ON ROADSIDE COVER

CLASSIFICATION METHODS OF GRASSES AND LEGUMES ARE PRESENTED. THE VARIOUS SPECIES OF GRASSES ARE DELINEATED BECAUSE OF THE NECESSITY TO DIFFERENTIATE BETWEEN GOOD PLANT COVER FOR SPECIFIC ROADSIDE JOBS. IT IS EMPHASIZED THAT ORIGIN IS IMPORTANT BECAUSE IT LARGELY GOVERNS THE CLIMATIC PATTERN ADAPTATION OF THE SPECIES. THE LIFE CYCLE OF A PLANT SPECIES IS EMPHASIZED AS BEING IMPORTANT IN MAINTENANCE MANAGEMENT. COVER OR LAND SURFACE PROTECTION SPECIES CAN BE DIVIDED INTO TWO MAJOR GROUPS: MATERIALS WHICH ARE LIVING OR HAVE BEEN ALIVE AT SOME TIME IN THE PAST (ORGANIC), AND MATERIALS WHICH HAVE NEVER BEEN LIVING MATTER (INORGANIC). THE INORGANIC GROUP HAS TWO MAIN CLASSES, ROCKY MATERIALS AND SOIL MATERIALS. GRAVEL PAVEMENTS ARE AN EXAMPLE OF THE ROCKY CLASS. THE ORGANIC GROUP HAS TWO CLASSES OF MATERIALS, LIVING PLANTS AND DEAD PLANT MATERIAL. OF THE TYPES OF DEAD MATERIAL, MULCH IS BY FAR THE MOST IMPROTANT IN ROADSIDE TURFS. THIS IS FORMED BY DEAD PLANT MATERIAL WHICH HAS BEEN BEATEN FLAT BY RAIN OR SNOW, OR WHICH HAS LODGED AS THE RESULTS OF DECAY. THE MULCH PROTECTS THE SOIL FROM THE FORCE OF THE RAINDROP, INCREASES WATER INFILTRATION INTO THE SOIL AND DECREASES WATER RUNOFF FROM A SLOPE. IT IS EMPHASIZED THAT THE METHOD OF PLANT SPREAD HAS QUITE AN EFFECT ON HOW A SPECIES CAN BE USED. EASE OF ESTABLISHMENT INDICATES HOW MUCH CARE, EFFORT AND EXPENSE MUST GO INTO THE SEEDING. EASE OF MAINTENANCE HAS A DIRECT EFFECT ON MAINTENANCE COSTS, EQUIPMENT, AND ON ROADSIDE APPEARANCE. THE SEASONAL GROWTH PATTERNS PRESENTED OF THE COVER PLANTS SPECIES CAN BE USED EFFECTIVELY IN FORMING MIXTURES, ROADSIDE APPEARANCE, AND EROSION PREVENTION.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • 18 Pp, 2 FiG
  • Corporate Authors:

    University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

    Urbana, IL  USA  61801
  • Authors:
    • Foote, L E
  • Publication Date: 1968-11

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00204748
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jan 31 1994 12:00AM