CONTROLLING DRIFTING SAND DUNES ON CAPE COD

VARIOUS SPECIES OF GRASS AND LEGUMES WERE PLANTED TO DETERMINE THE USEFULNESS OF DIRECT SEEDING (COMPARED TO PLANTING AMERICAN BEACHGRASS) ON SAND DUNES. COASTAL PANICGRASS (PANICUM AMARULUM), SWITCHGRASS (PANICUM VIRGATUM L.) AND KENTUCKY 31 FESCUE (FESTUCA ELATIOR VAR. ARUNDINACEA) GAVE THE BEST RESULTS, BUT THEY FAILED TO SURVIVE AS A PERMANENT COVER. SEVERAL MULCH MATERIALS (ASPHALT, HAY, FUEL OIL, ETC.) WERE APPLIED TO DETERMINE THEIR EFFECTIVENESS IN AIDING VEGETATION ESTABLISHMENT, BUT THEY APPEAR TO BE OF QUESTIONABLE VALUE. MACHINE PLANTING OF CULMS OF BEACHGRASS PRODUCED EXCELLENT COVER BY THE SECOND YEAR AND DESIRABLE SPACING IS INDICATED IF THEY ARE SPRING PLANTED. BLOW-OUT AREAS OF SAND CAN PRODUCE NEW DUNES BY PROPERLY LOCATING SLAT-TYPE FENCING. HOWEVER, REVEGETATION MUST BE ACCOMPLISHED IN ORDER TO MAINTAIN STABILITY OF THE SAND. ESTABLISHING TREES AND SHRUBS AS PERMANENT COVER FOR SAND DUNES IS A PROBLEM DUE TO LACK OF MOISTURE, LOW FERTILITY, SAND BLASTING AND HIGH TEMPERATURES. SOME ECOLOGICALLY ADAPTED PLANTS SUCH AS BAYBERRY AND BEACH PLUM APPEAR TO BE MOST SUCCESSFUL WHEN PLANTED IN A MEDIA OF PEAT, SOIL AND VERMICULATE. THE APPLICATION OF FERTILIZER WILL CAUSE INJURY AT THE TIME OF INSTALLATION OF WOODY PLANTS, HOWEVER, CONTINUED GROWTH OF SOME PLANTS CAN BE BENEFITED BY FERTILIZER APPLICATIONS FOLLOWING ESTABLISHMENT. TERRACES, EITHER MULCHED OR SPRAYED WITH OIL- BASE PRODUCTS WERE OF LITTLE VALUE IN AIDING PLANT ESTABLISHMENT. /AUTHOR/

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Hpr, R-5
  • Corporate Authors:

    University of Massachusetts, Amherst

    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
    130 Natural Resources Road
    Amherst, MA  USA  01003

    Massachusetts Department of Public Works

    100 Nashua Street
    Boston, MA  USA  02114

    Bureau of Public Roads /US

    400 7th Street, SW
    Washington, DC  USA  20590
  • Authors:
    • Zak, J M
  • Publication Date: 1966-9

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00204610
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Bureau of Public Roads /US
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 12 1994 12:00AM