CHEMICAL TREATMENT OF OIL SPILLS

This paper presents a state-of-the-art discussion on the applicability and effectiveness of various chemicals and materials available for preventing and controlling oil spills, with special emphasis given to techniques designed to absorb and gel oils floating on the water surface, sink oils, and permit burning of oil masses on open waters and effected shorelines. The relative attributes of various sorbent materials are examined with respect to material costs, adsorbing/absorbing capacity, and recovery requirements, and are tabulated for comparative purposes. Another category of control material includes oil-sinking agents designed to sink oil slicks out of sight rather than agglomerate the oil or attempt a recovery from the water surface. Although the author points out the ecological ramifications of implementing such a scheme, he also directs attention to situations wherein sinking of oil slicks represents the only feasible alternative currently available (e.g., immediate fire hazard in port areas). Oil gelling agents are briefly discussed with regard to material and operational costs and recovery of the amorphous oily masses. The authors note that necessary improvements in gelling agents are yet to be realized. Conditions for which burning of the oil mass represents a feasible alternative are examined. It is emphasized in the cost evaluations presented in this paper that total operational costs are not included, but consideration is given primarily to materials costs.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Preprint paper presented at joint API-FWPCA Conference on Prevention and Control of Oil Spills, December 15-17, 1969, Americana Hotel, New York City.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Federal Water Pollution Control Administration

    Department of the Interior
    Edison, NJ  United States 
  • Authors:
    • Struzeski Jr, E
    • Dewling, R T
  • Publication Date: 1969-12

Media Info

  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: 18 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00048029
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Maritime Research Center, Galveston
  • Report/Paper Numbers: CWSP-10-23
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Oct 31 1973 12:00AM