EXPRESSWAY TRAFFIC NOISE AND RESIDENTIAL PROPERTIES

FURTHER STUDY IS CONDUCTED ON THE ROSENBLITH-STEVENS NEIGHBORHOOD NOISE CRITERIA TO PROPOSE SUITABLE MODIFICATIONS CONCERNING URBAN HIGHWAY TRAFFIC NOISE. EXAMINATION IS MADE OF APPARENT INTER-RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN EXPRESSWAY TRAFFIC NOISE AND VALUES OF RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY IN THE VICINITY OF THE EXPRESSWAY. PROPERTY OWNERS' REACTIONS TO EXPRESSWAY TRAFFIC NOISE WERE OBTAINED BY MEANS OF A QUESTIONNAIRE CIRCULATED AMONG REALTORS. A PROPOSED MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION IS STUDIED WHICH RELATED SOUND LEVEL TO CERTAIN TRAFFIC PARAMETERS. THIS MAY AID IN UTILIZING DESIGN TRAFFIC DATA AS A BASIS FOR ESTIMATING NOISE CHARACTERISTICS. IT IS POSSIBLE TO ESTIMATE WITH A REASONABLE DEGREE OF PRECISION THE CONFIGURATION OF SOUND PRESSURE LEVEL CONTOURS WITHIN AN AREA BY EMPLOYING DATA AND TECHNIQUES EXPLAINED IN THIS REPORT TOGETHER WITH DATA ON TRAFFIC FLOW ON ARTERIAL STREETS AND EXPRESSWAYS SURROUNDING THE AREA. A STUDY OF RE-SALES OF CERTAIN PROPERTIES WHICH HAVE SOLD TWO OR MORE TIMES IN THE LAST TEN YEARS AND HAVE CONTAINED A HOUSE FOR THE ENTIRE PERIOD REVEAL NO DIFFERENCE IN THE BEHAVIOR OF PROPERTIES FROM ONE TO FOUR BLOCKS FROM THE EXPRESSWAY. THE ROSENBLITH-STEVENS NEIGHBORHOOD NOISE CRITERIA AND THE PERCEIVED-NOISE LEVEL TECHNIQUES ARE REGARDED AS POSSIBLE CRITERIA FOR EVALUATING THE SUBJECTIVE EFFECTS OF EXPRESSWAY TRAFFIC NOISE. INTERVIEW RETURNS SHOW THAT FEW HAVE TAKEN ANY ACTION TO REDUCE THE NOISE LEVEL IN THEIR HOMES. IN THE FEW CASES WHERE SOME KIND OF ACTION WAS REPORTED, IT CONSISTED PRIMARILY OF INSTALLING STORM WINDOWS OR OF KEEPING DOORS AND WINDOWS CLOSED. VIBRATION WAS THE MOST PROMINENT SECONDARY CAUSE OF EXPRESSWAY DISTURBANCE NAMED BY BOTH AREA RESIDENTS AND THE REALTORS WHO WERE POLLED. OUTSIDE THE REGION OF MAXIMUM SOUND LEVEL, THERE IS REASON TO BELIEVE THAT MANY OF THOSE WHO SAY THEY WOULD NOT LIVE AGAIN SO CLOSE TO AN EXPRESSWAY ARE MOTIVATED BY FACTORS WHICH HAVE NO CONNECTION WITH THE PHYSICAL FEATURES OF THE EXPRESSWAY OR ITS TRAFFIC. AN ACCEPTIBILITY INDEX IS DEFINED AND DESCRIBED AND IS SUGGESTED FOR CONSIDERATION AS A WORKING TOOL FOR EVALUATING THE SUBJECTIVE EFFECTS OF EXPRESSWAY TRAFFIC NOISE ON RESIDENTIAL AREAS. THE BEST NOISE CRITERION FOR USE IN DETERMINING THIS ACCEPTIBILITY INDEX IS CONSIDERED TO BE PERCEIVED-NOISE LEVEL.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • 203 Pp, 102 FIG, 51 TAB
  • Corporate Authors:

    University of Toledo

    Research Foundation
    Toledo, OH  United States 
  • Authors:
    • Colony, D C
  • Publication Date: 1969

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00203403
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 4 1994 12:00AM