GUIDELINES FOR MEDIAL AND MARGINAL ACCESS CONTROL ON MAJOR ROADWAYS

THE FULL RANGE MEDIAL AND MARGINAL CONTROL, IN CASES OF BOTH FULL AND PARTIAL CONTROL OF ACCESS WAS STUDIED TO ENABLE THE HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATOR TO DETERMINE THE APPROPRIATE DEGREE OF ACCESS CONTROL, AND TO PROVIDE HIM WITH THE PHYSICAL MEANS OF ACCOMPLISHING SUCH CONTROL. ACCESS CONTROL IS OF PRINCIPAL IMPORTANCE IN INSURING THAT AN ARTERIAL, ONCE CONSTRUCTED AND OPENED TO TRAFFIC, WILL CONTINUE TO HAVE A HIGH TRAFFIC MOVEMENT CAPABILITY IN FUTURE YEARS. EXPERIENCE WITH TRADITIONAL ZONING INDICATES THAT THE EXERCISE OF THE POLICE POWER, AS IT HAS BEEN APPLIED, HAS LITTLE HOPE FOR PRESERVING THE TRAFFIC-CARRYING CAPABILITY OF MAJOR ROADWAYS. THE STREET AND HIGHWAY NETWORKS OF LOCAL AREAS, URBAN REGIONS, STATES, AND THE NATION SHOULD ADEQUATELY PROVIDE FOR THE CONFLICTING FUNCTIONS OF LAND ACCESS AND LONGER TRIPS. IT IS RECOMMENDED THAT: (1) ACCESS CONTROL POLICIES AND STANDARDS IMPOSED ON A ROADWAY SHOULD BE RELATED TO THE FUNCTIONAL CLASSIFICATION OF THE FACILITY, (2) EACH ADMINISTRATIVE AGENCY SHOULD DEVELOP AND ADOPT FOR ITS JURISDICTION A MASTER HIGHWAY PLAN OF EXISTING AND PROPOSED FACILITIES, INDICATING THE FUNCTIONAL CLASSIFICATION OF EACH FACILITY, (3) STANDARDS SHOULD BE DEVELOPED AND ADOPTED FOR EACH FUNCTIONAL CLASS AND APPLIED UNIFORMLY ON ALL FACILITIES WITHIN EACH CLASS, (4) POLICY AND STANDARDS RELATING TO INTERSECTIONS WITH OTHER PUBLIC STREETS AND ROADS SHOULD BE BASED ON INTERSECTION SPACING CRITERIA AND NOT ON THE LOCATION OR EXISTENCE OF CROSS STREETS, (5) DRIVEWAY PERMITS SHOULD BE ISSUED FOR A GIVEN LAND USE AND A SPECIFIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN, (6) GUIDELINES FOR THE LOCATION OF DIRECT ACCESS POINTS ON ARTERIALS SHOULD BE DEVELOPED ON THE BASIS OF DESIRED TRAFFIC OPERATION OF THE ARTERIAL SYSTEM RATHER THAN ON THE BASIS OF LAND OWNERSHIP PATTERNS, (7) BUILDING AND DRIVEWAY PERMITS SHOULD BE ISSUED JOINTLY AND SHOULD BE BASED ON AN ACCEPTABLE SITE DEVELOPMENT PLAN, (8) LOCAL AND STATE TRAFFIC AND PLANNING STAFFS SHOULD WORK DIRECTLY WITH THE DEVELOPER IN ARRIVING AT A MUTUALLY AGREEABLE PLAN FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OR REDEVELOPMENT OF A SITE AND THE PROVISION OF ACCESS, AND (9) EACH JURISDICTION SHOULD UNDERTAKE A DETAILED STUDY OF THE EXISTING LEGISLATION AND COURT INTERPRETATIONS AND THEN INITIATE THE APPROPRIATE STEPS TO OBTAIN LEGISLATION TO IMPLEMENT IMPROVED ACCESS CONTROL PROCEDURES AND GUIDELINES.

  • Availability:
  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Nchrp PROJECT 3-13, 147 PP, 41 FIG, 11 TAB, 22 REF,
  • Publication Date: 1970

Media Info

  • Serial:
    • NCHRP Report
    • Issue Number: 93
    • Publisher: Transportation Research Board
    • ISSN: 0077-5614

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00203499
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, ATRI
  • Created Date: Oct 13 1970 12:00AM