METHODS FOR ANALYSIS OF HARDENED CONCRETE: EARLY FROST DAMAGE TO PORTLAND CEMENT CONCRETE

WITH THE INCREASE OF WINTER CONSTRUCTION, PROTECTION AGAINST EARLY FREEZING IN CONCRETE STRUCTURES IS VITAL. YET VERY LITTLE IS KNOWN ABOUT FROST DAMAGED CONCRETE. A GREAT DEAL OF THE LITERATURE ON WINTER CONCRETING AND EARLY FROST DAMAGE COMES FROM THE SCANDINAVIAN COUNTRIES. THE PURPOSE OF THIS REPORT IS TO BRING MUCH OF THE EARLY FROST DAMAGE INFORMATION TOGETHER UNDER ONE COVER AND TO ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS: (1) WHAT IS EARLY FROST DAMAGE IN CONCRETE AND HOW DOES IT AFFECT A CONCRETE STRUCTURE? (2) WHAT TEMPERATURE-TIME CONDITIONS ARE NECESSARY FOR DAMAGE TO OCCUR? (3) WHAT INFORMATION IS NEEDED TO DETERMINE IF DAMAGE HAS OCCURRED? AND (4) HOW CAN EARLY FROST DAMAGE BE IDENTIFIED? AN EXTENSIVE BIBLIOGRAPHY CONTAINING ARTICLES DISCUSSING BOTH THEORETICAL AND PRACTICAL ASPECTS OF EARLY FROST DAMAGE IS PRESENTED. /AUTHOR/

  • Corporate Authors:

    Pennsylvania State University, University Park

    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Sackett Building
    University Park, PA  USA  16802
  • Authors:
    • Larson, T D
    • Cady, P D
    • Carrier, R E
  • Publication Date: 1969-2

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00213405
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Special Rept 1
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Sep 29 1994 12:00AM