OPTIMUM RUNWAY ORIENTATION RELATIVE TO CROSSWINDS

SPECIFIC MAGNITUDES OF CROSSWINDS MAY EXIST THAT COULD BE CONSTRAINTS TO THE SUCCESS OF AN AIRCRAFT MISSION SUCH AS THE LANDING OF THE PROPOSED SPACE SHUTTLE. A METHOD IS REQUIRED TO DETERMINE THE ORIENTATION OR AZIMUTH OF THE PROPOSED RUNWAY WHICH WILL MINIMIZE THE PROBABILITY OF CERTAIN CRITICAL CROSSWINDS. TWO PROCEDURES FOR OBTAINING THE OPTIMUM RUNWAY ORIENTATION RELATIVE TO MINIMIZING A SPECIFIED CROSSWIND SPEED ARE DESCRIBED AND ILLUSTRATED WITH EXAMPLES. THE EMPIRICAL PROCEDURE REQUIRES ONLY HAND CALCULATIONS ON AN ORDINARY WIND ROSE. THE THEORETICAL METHOD UTILIZES WIND STATISTICS COMPUTED AFTER THE BIVARIATE NORMAL ELLIPTICAL DISTRIBUTION IS APPLIED TO A DATA SAMPLE OF COMPONENT WINDS. THIS METHOD REQUIRES ONLY THE ASSUMPTION THAT THE WIND COMPONENTS ARE BIVARIATE NORMALLY DISTRIBUTED. THIS ASSUMPTION SEEMS TO BE REASONABLE. STUDIES ARE CURRENTLY IN PROGRESS FOR TESTING WIND COMPONENTS FOR BIVARIATE NORMALITY FOR VARIOUS STATIONS. THE CLOSE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE THEORETICAL AND EMPIRICAL RESULTS FOR THE EXAMPLE CHOSEN SUBSTANTIATES THE BIVARIATE NORMAL ASSUMPTION. /AUTHOR/

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • NASA-TN-D-6930
  • Corporate Authors:

    Nasa, Alabama

    ,    
  • Authors:
    • Falls, L W
    • Brown, S C
  • Publication Date: 1972-9

Media Info

  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: 19 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00203797
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Scientific & Technical Aerospace Repts
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 12 1973 12:00AM