IDENTIFYING AND MEASURING NON-USER BENEFITS

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN USER AND NON-USER BENEFITS IS DISCUSSED. USER BENEFITS ARE DEFINED AS THOSE THAT ARE REALIZED DIRECTLY BY THE MOTOR-VEHICLE USER INCLUDING SAVINGS IN OPERATING COSTS, TIME COSTS, ACCIDENT COSTS AND REDUCTION IN THE STRAIN ANNOYANCE OF DRIVING UNDER UNFAVORABLE CONDITIONS. NON-USER OR NON VEHICULAR BENEFITS ARE THOSE MORE INDIRECT BENEFITS WHICH ACCRUE TO ADJACENT PROPERTY, BUSINESS, THE COMMUNITY AT LARGE, ETC. THE ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF HIGHWAY IMPROVEMENTS IMPINGE ON LAND VALUES AND LAND-USE CHANGES. STUDIES ON THE ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF HIGHWAY IMPROVEMENT COMPLETED OR IN PROGRESS ARE REVIEWED. A TABLE LISTS AT LEAST 50 STUDIES AT PRESENT UNDER WAY IN SOME 30 STATES. SOME USE THE BEFORE-AND-AFTER APPROACH, SEEKING TO CONTRAST ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENTS BEFORE AND AFTER A HIGHWAY IMPROVEMENT HAS BEEN MADE. OTHERS USE THE COMPARATIVE APPROACH CONTRASTING SO-CALLED AFFECTED AREAS NEAR THE HIGHWAY IMPROVEMENT WITH CONTROL AREAS REMOVED FORM THE INFLUENCE OF THE IMPROVEMENT. IT IS EMPHASIZED THAT IT IS ESSENTIAL TO CONSIDER NOT ONLY THE SEVERAL BENEFICIARY GROUPS THAT ARE INVOLVED IN THE BENEFITS OF LAND-VALUE CHANGES RESULTING FROM HIGHWAY IMPROVEMENT, BUT ALSO THE FINAL INCIDENCE OF THOSE BENEFITS AS WELL, IN TERMS OR EACH GROUP. BASED UPON COMPLETED STUDIES, A SCIENTIFIC BASIS WAS SOUGHT UPON WHICH A METHOD TO QUANTIFY THESE BENEFITS MIGHY BE MOUNTED.

Media Info

  • Monograph Title: ECONOMIC ANALYSIS IN HIGHWAY PROGRAMMING, LOCATION AND DESIGN: WORKSHOP CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS, SEPTEMBER 17, 1959
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00201833
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Aug 26 1970 12:00AM