HIGHWAYS AS AN INSTRUMENT OF ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL CHANGE

A BRIEF HISTORY IS PRESENTED OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE AUTOMOBILE AND HIGHWAYS. BENEFIT-COST RATIOS DEVELOPED TO PROVIDE A MATHEMATICAL SOLUTION TO BUILDING ROADS AT JUSTIFIABLE EXPENSE AND THE ORIGIN-DESTINATION SURVEY WAS DEVELOPED TO ANSWER THE QUESTION OF WHERE DOES THE MOTORIST WANT TO GO. THESE TOOLS ARE ADAPTED TO TASKS OF UNDERTAKING A LARGE-SCALE SYSTEM OF ROAD IMPROVEMENTS WHOLLY FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE USERS OF THE FACILITY. VARIOUS STUDIES ARE ANALYZED ON THE IMPACT OF HIGHWAY IMPROVEMENT ON VARIOUS ELEMENTS OF THE ECONOMIC STRUCTURE OF THE COMMUNITY. THE COLLECTION OF EVIDENCE OF THE HIGHWAY INFLUENCE ON BUSINESS ACTIVITY AND LAND VALUE IS EVIDENCE OF A GROWING REALIZATION OF THE IMPORTANCE OF THESE HIGHWAY-INDUCED CHANGES IN ALL HIGHWAY ACTIVITY. THE PROSPECT OF THE GREAT URBANIZED AREAS IN WHICH THE STANDARD OF LIVING WILL DEPEND ON THE EFFICIENT TRANSPORTATION UNDER MOST DIFFICULT CONDITIONS, SHOULD COMPEL RECOGNITION OF SOCIAL OBJECTIVES IN SETTING HIGHWAY POLICY. THE DETERMINATION OF SOCIAL BENEFITS IS THE AREA ON WHICH MUCH MORE MUST BE DONE. UNTIL ALL NON-VEHICULAR BENEFITS CAN BE EXPRESSED IN QUANTIFIED TERMS, BENEFIT COST RATIOS CAN NOT BE MODERNIZED TO INCLUDE ALL BENEFITS WHICH PRESENTLY MOTIVATE HIGHWAY INVESTMENT.

Media Info

  • Monograph Title: ECONOMIC ANALYSIS IN HIGHWAY PROGRAMMING, LOCATION AND DESIGN: WORKSHOP CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS, SEPTEMBER 17, 1959
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00201832
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Aug 26 1970 12:00AM