COMMUNITY CONSEQUENCES AND URBAN HIGHWAY LOCATION DECISIONS

THE DIFFICULTIES ARE DISCUSSED OF DETERMINING THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL EFFECTS ON THE COMMUNITY OF THE LOCATION OF URBAN HIGHWAYS. BOTH THE MOTORISTS AND THE COMMUNITY ARE AFFECTED BY THE LOCATION. IT IS SUGGESTED THAT BRINGING RELATIVE ECONOMIC DATA TO BEAR ON HIGHWAY LOCATION MATTERS MAY BE AIDED BY MEANS OF A SIMPLE PLUS-MINUS RANKING OF SELECTED CHARACTERISTICS RELEVANT TO ROUTE SELECTION. SUCH A RANKING, OR THAT BY SOME OTHER SYSTEM PROVIDING NUMERICAL RATINGS, WILL BE ASSISTED IF HIGHWAY STUDY FINDINGS CAN BE DISTILLED INTO A LIST OF PRINCIPLES THAT IS SUBSTANTIVE ENOUGH TO BE MEANINGFUL BUT SHORT ENOUGH TO BE MANAGEABLE. THE FOLLOWING IMPACT PRINCIPLES ARE SUGGESTED THAT MIGHT BE USEFUL IN HIGHWAY LOCATION DECISIONS: (1) INDUSTRIAL AND COMMERCIAL PROPERTIES THAT HAVE BENEFITED MORE THAN RESIDENTIAL LAND FROM A HIGHWAY NEARBY, (2) ADVERSE EFFECTS OF HIGHWAYS MAY BE MITIGATED OR ELIMINATED BY WELL-LANDSCAPED HIGHWAYS LOCATED OUTSIDE OR ON THE BORDER OF NEIGHBORHOODS OR SCHOOL DISTRICTS, (3) NEW HIGHWAYS HAVE APPARENTLY HASTENED ECONOMIC CHANGES THAT WERE PREVIOUSLY UNDER WAY, (4) LOCAL TAX ROLL LOSSES DUE TO RIGHT-OF-WAY ACQUISITION HAVE TYPICALLY BEEN OFFSET BY NEW DEVELOPMENT OR BY INTENSIFYING EXISTING DEVELOPMENT, (5) INTERCHANGE AREAS HAVE EXPERIENCED A DISPROPORTIONATELY LARGE AMOUNT OF ECONOMIC ACTIVITY, AND (6) RESIDENTS RELOCATED FROM RIGHT-OF-WAY AREAS HAVE TYPICALLY IMPROVED THEIR LIVING ACCOMMODATIONS AND INCREASED THEIR LIVING COSTS. IT DOES APPEAR THAT INDUSTRIAL AND COMMERCIAL PROPERTIES HAVE BENEFITED MORE THAN RESIDENTIAL LAND FROM HAVING A HIGHWAY NEARBY.

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 27-29
  • Monograph Title: Highway engineering economy
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00201805
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Jul 21 1970 12:00AM