WHAT CAN EUROPE TEACH US ABOUT URBAN GROWTH?

URBAN TECHNIQUES FROM ABROAD CAN BE TRANSLATED, IMPORTED AND ADAPTED BY AMERICA. DISCRIMINATION, AFFLUENCE, RACE, STATUS, POVERTY, THE IMPACT OF THE PRIVATE CAR, LEISURE TIME URBAN DECAY, REGIONALIZATION, CONGESTION - THESE ARE NOT CONFINED TO THIS COUNTRY. RELATIONSHIPS NOT YET RECOGNIZABLE IN THIS COUNTRY, SUCH AS THE IMPORTANCE OF URBAN EFFICIENCY TO THE NATIONAL PRODUCT, ARE MET WITH EFFECTIVE MEASURES ABROAD. OTHER NEW TECHNIQUES CAN BE FOUND IN SUCH FIELDS AS: THE ROLE OF INDUSTRY IN REACHING THE GOALS OF A QUALITY ENVIRONMENT; THE EXTENDED CITY-REGION SINGLE SYSTEM CONCEPT; THE SEARCH FOR A NEW URBAN FORM; RELATIONSHIPS OF TRANSIT TO PREDETERMINED DENSITY; AND JUSTIFYING URBAN GROWTH INVESTMENTS BY A RELATIONSHIP AND A COORDINATION RATIONALE. REGIONAL POLICIES DEVELOPED IN EUROPEAN AREAS ARE DESCRIBED AND DISCUSSED. URBAN SPRAWL CAN BE CONTROLLED, RESHAPED, THINNED OUT, AND REDIRECTED. LAND IS REGULATED LIKE A PUBLIC UTILITY IN WESTERN EUROPE. INDIRECT TAXATION ON THE VALUE-ADDED PRINCIPLE IS GAINING GROUND IN EUROPE IN RECENT YEARS. TO A GREATER EXTENT THAN IN THE U.S.A., THE LOCAL GOVERNMENTS OF WESTERN EUROPE DEPEND UPON SHARED REVENUES FROM THEIR CENTRAL GOVERNMENTS. THIS IS AN INCREASINGLY IMPORTANT POTENTIAL FOR THE STATE GOVERNMENTS FOR IT REMOVES FROM LOCAL GOVERNEMNTS AN OVERDEPENDENCE UPON INADEQUATE TAXING SOURCES. NEW TOWN INSPECTIONS WERE MADE ON A 17-DAY TRAVEL AND STUDY VISIT TO THE FOLLOWING WESTERN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES: DENMARK, FINLAND, FRANCE, GREAT BRITAIN, THE NETHERLANDS, AND SWEDEN. THIS SURVEY SHOWS THE WEALTH OF URBAN EXPERIENCE LYING NEAR THE SURFACE, EASILY EXPLORABLE, IN WESTERN EUROPE.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Vol 7, No 4, PP 13-18, 31, 6 PHOT
  • Authors:
    • Garvey, J
  • Publication Date: 1969-4

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00201758
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 4 1970 12:00AM