THE IMPACT OF NEW TOWNS

THE NEW COMMUNITIES ACT OF 1968 - TITLE IV OF THE 1968 HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT ACT AUTHORIZED FEDERAL GUARANTEES TO LENDERS SUPPLYING PRIVATE CAPITAL FOR NEW TOWN DEVELOPMENT. MANY ESTABLISHED CITY OFFICIALS VIEWED THIS LEGISLATION AS A THREAT TO THE CAPABILITY OF CITIES TO SURVIVE. THE NEW COMMUNITY ACT HAS THE FOLLOWING QUALIFICATIONS THAT THE COMMUNITIES MUST: (1) HAVE A BALANCED USE OF LAND INCLUDING HOUSING, COMMERCE, AND INDUSTRY, (2) MAKE SUBSTANTIAL CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE SOUND AND ECONOMIC GROWTH OF THE AREAS IN WHICH THEY ARE LOCATED, (3) HAVE A BROAD RANGE OF HOUSING TYPES, AND (4) EMPLOY NEW TECHNOLOGY IN HOME BUILDING, REHABILITATION, AND MAINTENANCE. INCIPIENT NEW TOWNS IN THE UNITED STATES ARE REVIEWED IN THE LIGHT OF EUROPEAN EXPERIENCE. SPECIFICALLY, COLUMBIA, MARYLAND AND RESTON, VIRGINIA HAVE MADE ENOUGH OF A START THAT THEY SERVE AS EXAMPLES OF THE ANALYSIS. IN ADDITION TO PROVIDING HOUSING OPPORTUNITIES FOR EVERYONE FROM JANITORS TO PRESIDENTS OF CORPORATIONS, THE NEW TOWNS HAVE STATED OBJECTIVES OF PROVIDING JOB OPPORTUNITIES FOR EVERY RESIDENT. HOWEVER, EXPERIENCE HAS SHOWN THAT SUCH WILL NOT BE THE CASE. THERE WILL BE COMMUTING IN BOTH DIRECTIONS, FROM OLD CITIES TO THE NEW TOWNS, BECAUSE IT WOULD NOT BE POSSIBLE TO MATCH HOUSING AND JOB OPPORTUNITIES AND PARTLY BECAUSE OF THE DESIRE OF MANY PEOPLE TO LIVE IN PLACES REMOTE FROM THEIR EMPLOYMENT. IN ENGLAND, IT IS OFTEN NECESSARY TO HAVE A JOB IN A NEW TOWN BEFORE GETTING A HOUSE THERE. WITH THE EXISTING HOUSING SHORTAGE, THE ONE TENDS TO LEAD TO THE OTHER. OPEN HOUSING AND EQUAL OPPORTUNITY EMPLOYMENT LEND TOWARD INCREASING RACIAL INTEGRATION. NEW TOWNS ARE PROVIDING FOR A GROWING POPULATION AND ARE ALSO PROVIDING AN EXPANDING ECONOMIC BASE. THE NEW TOWNS CAN BE AND SHOULD BE A USEFUL TOOL IN HELPING TO REVITALIZE THE OLDER CITIES.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Vol 7, No 4, PP 8-11, 8 PHOT
  • Authors:
    • Morris, R L
  • Publication Date: 1969-4

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00201757
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 4 1970 12:00AM