CENTURY FREEWAY /WATTS/

THE PLANNING FOR THE CENTURY FREEWAY THROUGH WATTS AND THE LOS ANGELES AREA IS DESCRIBED. THE PROPOSED FREEWAY IS TO HAVE TWO INTERCHANGES IN THE WATTS COMMUNITY. TWO THOUSAND SIX HUNDRED FAMILIES WILL BE DISPLACED, MOST OF THEM FROM LOW-COST HOUSING. HALF THE HOUSES AFFECTED ARE OWNER-OCCUPIED, AND 20 PERCENT OF THE OCCUPANTS ARE RETIRED OR ON A FIXED INCOME. BECAUSE OF THE RIOTS, NEARLY ALL PROPOSALS FOR COMMUNITY IMPROVEMENT ARE VIEWED WITH SUSPICION AS AN ATTEMPT BY THE WHITE POWER STRUCTURE TO BREAK UP THE WATTS POPULATION AND DISTRIBUTE ITS RESIDENTS THORUGHOUT THE LOS ANGELES AREA. WITH THESE PROBLEMS IN VIEW, THE HIGHWAY PLANNERS DEVELOPED A DIFFERENT STRATEGY FOR LAND ACQUISITION IN THE WATTS COMMUNITY. THE KEYS TO THE STRATEGY WERE INVOLVEMENT OF THE COMMUNITY IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF PLANS AND THE PROVISION OF REPLACEMENT HOUSING WITHIN THE WATTS AREA. THE JOINT DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM BECAME ONE OF REPLACEMENT HOUSING FOR THE DISPLACED RESIDENTS MAINLY IN SINGLE-FAMILY DWELLINGS. HOUSES FROM THE RIGHT-OF-WAY COULD BE REMOVED AND RELOCATED ON VACANT SITES IN THE WATTS AREA AND RENOVATED USING LOCAL COMMUNITY LABOR. THE CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE PASSED A LAW ENABLING THE HIGHWAY DEPARTMENT TO ACQUIRE AND CONDEMN VACANT UNOCCUPIED PROPERTY OUTSIDE THE FREEWAY RIGHT-OF-WAY, PROVIDING FOR CONTRACTING WITH PUBLIC AND PRIVATE ENTITIES FOR THE FINANCING, PLANNING, DEVELOPMENT, CONSTRUCTION, MANAGEMENT, SALE, AND EXCHANGE OR LEASE OF REPLACEMENT HOUSING FOR LOW-INCOME FAMILIES DISPLACED BY THE FREEWAYS. WITH THIS LEGISLATION, THE REPLACEMENT HOUSING PROGRAM OFFERS THE COMMUNITY AN OPPORTUNITY TO CHANGE THE SHAPE OF THEIR ENVIRONMENT IN A MANNER THAT WOULD MOST SUIT THEIR OWN EXPECTATIONS AND ASPIRATIONS.

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Pagination: pp 68-74
  • Monograph Title: Joint development and multiple use of transportation rights-of-way; proceedings of a conference held November 14-15, 1968, Washington, DC
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00201671
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Aug 25 1994 12:00AM