ECONOMIC EVALUATION OF TWO INDIANA BYPASSES

THIS PAPER HAS BEEN DEVELOPED FROM BEFORE-AND-AFTER STUDIES CONDUCTED ON TWO INDIANA BYPASSES. THE BEFORE PART OF THE STUDIES WAS MADE PRIOR TO THE COMPLETION OF THE BYPASSES WHILE THE AFTER PART WAS CONDUCTED ABOUT 6 MO. AFTER THE OPENING OF THE FACILITIES TO TRAFFIC. THE CITIES CHOSEN FOR THE STUDIES, ALTHOUGH DIFFERING IN SIZE, LOCATION, AND TRAFFIC PATTERN, ARE SIMILAR TO MANY OTHERS WHICH ARE PRESENTLY CONSIDERING MEANS OF RELIEVING LOCAL TRAFFIC CONGESTION. THE EFFECTS OF THE BYPASSES ON TRAFFIC, ACCIDENTS, LAND USE, LAND VALUE, AND BUSINESS IN EACH OF THESE TWO COMMUNITIES ARE PRESENTED. IT IS SHOWN THAT THESE TWO BYPASSES HAVE HAD SIGNFICANT, SIMILAR, AND LARGELY BENEFICIAL EFFECTS. THE BYPASSES EFFECTIVELY ROUTED THROUGH TRAFFIC AROUND BOTH CITIES, BUT EASED CONGESTION IN THE BUSINESS DISTRICT OF ONLY ONE OF THEM. THE BYPASSES ACCELERATED THE URBAN DEVELOPMENT OF THE RURAL AREAS THROUGH WHICH THEY PASSED AND WITHIN A FEW MONTHS INCREASED THE LAND VALUE OF THAT AREA BY 50 PERCENT. THE MAJORITY OF BUSINESSMEN BELIEVED THE BYPASSES WERE BENEFICIAL AND HAD NOT HAD DETRIMENTAL EFFECTS ON THEIR BUSINESS. A FEW FRINGE- AREA BUSINESSES WHICH WERE PRIMARILY DEPENDENT ON TRANSIENT TRADE DID SUFFER CONSIDERABLY. ON THE DETRIMENTAL SIDE, THE SEVERITY OF ACCIDENTS ON THE BYPASSES, WITH MORE INJURIES AND FATALITIES, MORE THAN OFF-SET THE REDUCTION IN ACCIDENTS WHICH OCCURRED WITHIN THE CITIES. IT IS CONCLUDED THAT A BYPASS FACILITY SHOULD BE CONSTRUCTED ONLY AFTER A THOROUGH ANALYSIS OF ALL LOCAL FACTORS AND THAT SOME METHOD, SUCH AS LIMITED ACCESS, SHOULD BE EMPLOYED TO CONTROL DEVELOPMENT ALONG THE ROUTE SO AS TO INSURE SAFER FACILITIES AND MAXIMUM ECONOMIC RETURN TO THE STATE AND TO THE USERS OF THE FACILITY. /AUTHOR/

  • Record URL:
  • Supplemental Notes:
    • No 67, pp 1-14, 11 FIG, 3 TAB, 22 REF Distribution, posting, or copying of this PDF is strictly prohibited without written permission of the Transportation Research Board of the National Academy of Sciences. Unless otherwise indicated, all materials in this PDF are copyrighted by the National Academy of Sciences. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved
  • Authors:
    • Branham, A K
    • May, A D
    • Michael, H L
  • Publication Date: 1953

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00201586
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: May 5 1994 12:00AM