THE WASHINGTON CAPITAL BELTWAY AND ITS IMPACT ON INDUSTRIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY EXPANSION IN VIRGINIA

THIS PAPER REPORTS ON THE IMPACT OF THE WASHINGTON CAPITAL BELTWAY ON INDUSTRIAL AND MULTIFAMILY EXPANSION IN NORTHERN VIRGINIA. BETWEEN 1960 AND 1965 INDUSTRIAL EMPLOYMENT GREW 71 PERCENT, PRIMARILY BECAUSE OF THE MANY INDUSTRIES WHICH LOCATED NEAR THE BELTWAY. INTERVIEWS WITH 48 INDUSTRY EXECUTIVES INDICATED THAT ACCESS TO THE CIRCUMFERENTIAL WAS A SIGNIFICANT FACTOR IN THEIR LOCATION DECISION. THE WHOLESALE-DISTRIBUTION AND RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT FIRMS GAVE THE GREATEST WEIGHT TO ACCESSIBILITY TO THE BELTWAY. AS WELL AS PROMOTING INDUSTRIAL GROWTH, THE BELTWAY HAS ALTERED THE COMMUTING PATTERNS OF THE INDUSTRIAL WORKERS. ONE-HALF OF 2,100 EMPLOYEES SURVEYED USED THE CIRCUMFERENTIAL TO COMMUTE. THE BELTWAY HAS EXPANDED THE LABOR MARKET TO INCLUDE MARYLAND AND A MUCH LARGER SECTION OF NORTHERN VIRGINIA. THE BELTWAY AREA ALSO SPAWNED MORE THAN 3,000 NEW APARTMENT UNITS BETWEEN 1964 AND 1966. LIKE THE INDUSTRIAL WORKERS, 50 PERCENT OF THE APARTMENT RESIDENTS COMMUTE VIA THE BELTWAY, BUT THEIR TRAVEL PATTERN IS QUITE DIFFERENT. THE LARGE MAJORITY ARE EMPLOYED IN THE DISTRICT AND ARLINGTON COUNTY, ONLY A FEW WORK IN NEARBY INDUSTRIES. THE IMPLICATIONS OF THE STUDY INCLUDE THE CONTINUED GROWTH OF INDUSTRIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY DEVELOPMENT IN THE BELTWAY AREA, RESULTING IN INCREASED TRAFFIC ON BOTH THE RADIALS AND THE BELTWAY, WITH THE GREATEST PRESSURE OCCURING AT THE INTERCHANGES. THE STUDY CONCLUDES WITH AN APPROACH TOWARD THE CONTROL OF LAND DEVELOPMENT IN INTERCHANGE AREAS. /AUTHOR/

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  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Paper sponsored by Committee on Land Acquisition and Committee on Socio-Economic Aspects of Highways and presented at the 47th Annual Meeting. Distribution, posting, or copying of this PDF is strictly prohibited without written permission of the Transportation Research Board of the National Academy of Sciences. Unless otherwise indicated, all materials in this PDF are copyrighted by the National Academy of Sciences. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved
  • Authors:
    • Connally, Julia A
    • Meiburg, Charles O
  • Discussers:
    • Pearson, Norman
    • Bacchus, G A
  • Publication Date: 1968

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: Figures; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 9-27
  • Monograph Title: Land acquisition and freeway land development
  • Serial:

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00201404
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Sep 30 1994 12:00AM