HISTORY AND REGULATION OF TRAILER-ON-FLATCAR MOVEMENT

PIGGYBACK, THE POPULAR NAME FOR TRAILER-ON-FLATCAR /TOFC/ MOVEMENT, HAS BEEN ONE OF THE GREATEST TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATIONS IN LAND TRANSPORTATION OF RECENT YEARS. PIGGYBACK DEVELOPMENT REPRESENTS AN ATTEMPT ON THE PART OF THE RAILROADS TO BOLSTER DECLINING REVENUES AND TO RECLAIM TRAFFIC LOST OVER THE LAST FEW YEARS TO THE TRUCKING INDUSTRY. IT REPRESENTS COORDINATION OF TRANSPORT FACILITIES, ROUTES AND RATES. EACH UNFAVORABLE ICC DECISION HAS ARRESTED THE DEVELOPMENT OF PIGGYBACK FOR A TEMPORARY PERIOD. THE CONTAINER CASE IN 1931 KILLED THE INCENTIVE FOR USE OF CONTAINERS BECAUSE THE COMMISSION SET AN UNPROFITABLE RATE FOR SHIPPERS. THE RULES LAID DOWN IN EX PARTE 129 /1939/ WERE FAVORABLE TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF PIGGYBACK SERVICE, BUT NOT UNTIL THE NEW YORK, NEW HAVEN AND HARTFORD DECISION IN 1954 WERE CERTAIN PRINCIPLES ESTABLISHED TO ENCOURAGE PIGGYBACK DEVELOPMENT. PIGGYBACK CARLOADING SURGED FORWARD THEREAFTER IN SPITE OF SUBSEQUENT ICC INVESTIGATIONS. /AUTHOR/

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  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Paper sponsored by Committee on Intercity Highway Freight Transportation and presented at the 45th Annual Meeting. Distribution, posting, or copying of this PDF is strictly prohibited without written permission of the Transportation Research Board of the National Academy of Sciences. Unless otherwise indicated, all materials in this PDF are copyrighted by the National Academy of Sciences. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved
  • Authors:
    • Ayre, Josephine
  • Publication Date: 1967

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 1-30
  • Monograph Title: Piggyback
  • Serial:

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00201334
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Apr 6 1994 12:00AM