MOBILITY AS A MEASURE OF NEIGHBORHOOD

THE EFFECT OF FREEWAY LOCATION ON THE SOCIO-CULTURAL CONFIGURATION AND CONTINUITY OF NEIGHBORHOOD IS STUDIED. NEIGHBORHOOD PERFORMS A FUNCTION IN TRANSMISSION OR CHANGE OF CULTURE. MAXIMUM CULTURAL CONTINUITY TENDS TO OCCUR IN NEIGHBORHOODS WHERE POPULATION TURNOVER IS MINIMUM, WHEREAS MAXIMUM ACCULTURATION TENDS TO OCCUR WHERE POPULATION TURN- OVER IS MAXIMUM. THE DEGREE OF SOCIO-CULTURAL STABILITY OR CHANGE IS MEASURED THROUGH A MOBILITY INDEX MADE UP FROM U.S. CENSUS DATA OR FROM CITY DIRECTORIES. THE NEIGHBORHOODS FUNCTION IN CULTURAL TRANSMISSION OR CHANGE IS DESCRIBED BY ITS POSITION ON THE RELATIVE SCALE OF THE MOBILITY INDEX. VALIDITY OF THE MOBILITY INDEX AS A DESCRIPTOR OF THE EFFECT OF VARIATIONS IN FREEWAY LOCATION ON NEIGHBORHOOD ARE TESTED. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS IS EXPECTED TO SHOW THAT WHERE A FREEWAY SEGMENTS A NEIGHBORHOOD, THE MOBILITY INDEX WILL REFLECT AN INCREASE IN CULTURAL CHANGE, AND WHERE A FREEWAY IS BUILT ALONG NEIGHBORHOOD BOUNDARIES, THE MOBILITY INDEX WILL EITHER REMAIN STABLE OR REFLECT A DECREASE IN CULTURAL CHANGE. THUS, FREEWAY PLANNING MAY BE MORE CLOSELY CORRELATED WITH COMMUNITY PLANNING AND GOALS. THE MOBILITY INDEX MAY PROVIDE A DEVICE TO PREDICT AND DIRECT FREEWAY INFLUENCE ON THE RESIDENTIAL NEIGHBORHOOD.

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 33-42
  • Monograph Title: Transportation impacts and attitude surveys
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00201315
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Nov 26 1994 12:00AM