PROGRAMMING HIGHWAY ACCIDENT REDUCTION

THE HIGHWAY ACCIDENT ANALYSES REPORTED WERE UNDERTAKEN TO DETERMINE THE DEGREE TO WHICH THE INCIDENCE OF ACCIDENTS IS INFLUENCED BY THE LEVEL OF ADEQUACY OF HIGHWAYS. IT WAS ACCOMPLISHED IN CONNECTION WITH THE HIGHWAY NEEDS AND PLANNING STUDIES IN THE STATE OF KANSAS, SOUTH DAKOTA AND KENTUCKY. ANSWERS WERE SOUGHT TO SUCH QUESTIONS AS WHETHER A MODERN HIGHWAY IS SAFER THAN ONE THAT HAS DEFICIENCIES IN ITS GEOMETRIC AND STRUCTURAL FEATURES, AND IF IT IS, HOW MUCH SAFER. BECAUSE THE SAFETY RECORD IN FREEWAYS HAS BEEN SO STRIKING IN CONTRAST WITH CONVENTIONAL HIGHWAYS, AND BECAUSE ACCIDENT RECORDS HAVE BEEN ANALYZED TO PROVIDE DIRECT COMPARISONS, THE SAFETY ASSOCIATED WITH PROGRAMS FOR FREEWAYS IS WELL-ESTABLISHED A(D REPRESENTS AN IMPORTANT REASON FOR THE SUPPORT OF HIGHWAY MODERNIZATION INVOLVING SUCH HIGHWAYS. IN REVIEWING THE ANALYSES REPORTED, THESE CONCLUSIONS FOLLOW'/1/ POSITIVE SAFETY VALUES OF CONSIDERABLE MAGNITUDE ARE ASSOCIATED WITH RAISING THE ADEQUACY LEVEL OF RURAL STATE HIGHWAYS, /2/ POTENTIALITY FOR FURTHER RESEARCH BY EXPLOITATION OF THE MASSIVE AMOUNT OF DATA ON ACCIDENTS WHICH CAN BE TIED TO ROAD ADEQUACY RATING DATA AND SPECIFIC HIGHWAY ELEMENTS, AND /3/ AN OPPORTUNITY ULTIMATELY TO REFLECT THE VALUE OF HIGHWAY MODERNIZATION IN SPECIFIC AND AUTHORITATIVE TERMS SHOWING SAVINGS IN LIVES, INJURIES, AND PROPERTY DAMAGE.

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 112-123
  • Monograph Title: Highway economics
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00201304
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Dec 2 1994 12:00AM