PANEL DISCUSSION ON THE INFLUENCE OF HIGHWAYS ON INDUSTRIAL LOCATION

THIS IS A SYMPOSIUM DISCUSSING THE IMPORTANCE OF HIGHWAYS ON INDUSTRIAL LOCATION. THE PROCESS OF THE BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT OF A MUNICIPALITY INCLUDES THE STUDY OF MANY FACTORS. TRANSPORTATION IS ONLY ONE OF THESE, BUT A VERY IMPORTANT ONE. INDUSTRYS REASON FOR LOCATION OR RELOCATION IS TO GAIN NEW COMPETITIVE STRENGTH IN THE MARKET PLACE I.E. BETTER SALES PERFORMANCE AND BETTER PROFITS. TO DO THIS INDUSTRY MAY WISH TO' UTILIZE A NEW SOURCE OF RAW MATERIALS, GET CLOSER TO THE PRODUCERS OF COMPONENTS OF THE FINISHED PRODUCT, TAP A NEW LABOUR FORCE, INVADE A NEW MARKET, PUT ITSELF IN A BETTER SALES AND PROFIT POSITION BY REDUCTION OF COSTS THROUGH A MORE EFFICIENT PLANT. THE PRESENCE OF GOOD HIGHWAYS IS VITAL TO THIS DEVELOPMENT, BUT ALSO, ACCESS TO THESE ARTERIES IS OF PRIME IMPORTANCE. RECENTLY, INDUSTRY HAS BEEN MOVING OUT OF THE CENTRES OF COMMERCE AND INTO THE SUBURBS. THIS IS DUE TO' 1/ TRAFFIC CONGESTION, 2/ THE DESIRE OF PEOPLE FOR A BETTER LIVING ENVIRONMENT IN THE CLEAN AND AIRY ATMOSPHERE OF SUBURBIA, AND 3/ THE INEFFICIENCY OF OLD MULTI-STORIED BUILDINGS. INDUSTRY IS BECOMING MORE AND MORE COST CONSCIOUS AND IS ASSUMING THE DUAL ROLE OF MANUFACTURER AND DISTRIBUTOR. THE COST OF MOVING GOODS BECOMES A PRIME FACTOR IN LOCATION AND EASY ACCESS TO MAJOR HIGH SPEED HIGHWAYS IS ALWAYS CONSIDERED. THE FOREMOST FACTORS IN PLANT LOCATION ARE' 1/ LABOUR SUPPLY, 2/ PROXIMITY TO HIGHWAY, 3/ AVAILABILITY OF LAND, 4/ PROXIMITY TO MARKET, AND ALL OF THESE REASONS ARE HIGHWAY ORIENTED. THE MOBILITY OF THE LABOUR FORCE IS A PHENOMENON PECULIAR ONLY TO THIS AGE AND IS A FACTOR WHICH MUST BE CONSIDERED. BETTER UTILIZATION OF THE HIGHWAY SYSTEM IS NECESSARY. THE 7 TO 9, 4 TO 6 RUSH HOURS IS A GREAT WASTE AND IS A PROBLEM THAT CANNOT BE SOLVED BY THE HIGHWAY ENGINEER ALONE. AS SOON AS A GOOD ROAD IS BUILT NEAR A CITY, INDUSTRY IS ATTRACTED. TO CONTROL THIS DEVELOPMENT, STRICT ZONING IS NECESSARY. TOWNS AND CITIES BEGIN TO GROW BECAUSE OF GOOD TRANSPORTATION FACILITIES, BUT THIS GROWTH MUST NOT BE WITHOUT SOME LIMITS OR CONTROLS. MOBILITY HAS CREATED A PARADOX. CARS AND TRUCKS HAVE MADE THE BIG CITY POSSIBLE. IN THE PROCESS, SOME METROPOLITAN DISTRICTS HAVE BECOME SO COMPLEX THAT THEY THREATEN TO STRANGLE THE TRANSPORTATION THAT MADE THEM POSSIBLE. MATHEMATICAL PREDICTION MODELS CAN PROVIDE THE PLANNER WITH A MEANS OF TESTING A VARIETY OF TRANSPORTATION AND LAND USE PLANS MORE EFFICIENTLY AND ECONOMICALLY. /CGRA/

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • pp 280-298, 19 REF
  • Authors:
    • Blair, J G
    • Fanset, G R
    • Genereux, R J
    • Vanloon, J
  • Publication Date: 1965-9-27

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  • Accession Number: 00201265
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: pp 349-352
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 29 1994 12:00AM