CASE STUDIES OF EFFECT OF ROADS ON DEVELOPMENT

A SERIES OF CASE STUDIES WAS CONDUCTED IN LATIN AMERICA TO INDICATE THE IMPACTS OF ROAD CONSTRUCTION ON ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT. THE COUNTRIES INCLUDED IN THE CASE STUDY WORK WERE EL SALVADOR, GUATEMALA, NICARAGUA, VENEZUELA, AND BOLIVIA. IN ADDITION, ANALYSIS WAS MADE OF A NUMBER OF OTHER CASES PREVIOUSLY STUDIED BY OTHER ORGANIZATIONS IN INDIA, THAILAND, NORTH BORNEO, UGANDA, AND PERU. IN EVERY CASE THE EXTENT OF NEW TRAFFIC GENERATED DEPENDED MAINLY ON THE AVAILABILITY OF EASILY EXPLOITABLE NATURAL RESOURCES. THE LOWEST LEVELS OF TRAFFIC, OMITTING THE EARTH ROADS IN UGANDA AND NORTH BORNEO FOR WHICH TRAFFIC ESTIMATES ARE LACKING, WERE ASSOCIATED WITH HIGHWAYS TRAVERSING A TERRITORY POOR IN RESOURCES. THE HIGHEST TRAFFIC VOLUMES WERE FAIRLY CONSISTENTLY ASSOCIATED WITH RISING NET RECEIPTS TO PRODUCERS OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS. NO ADEQUATE DETAILS OF ACTUAL OR POSSIBLE PROFIT PROSPECTS WERE PROVIDED, BUT THE INFERENCE IS CLEAR THAT THEY CREATED A POWERFUL INDUCEMENT TO RAISE OUTPUT AND SELL A GREATER PROPORTION OF IT IN LOCAL, SECTIONAL, OR WORLD MARKETS. EXAMPLES ARE GIVEN IN GUATEMALA, BOLIVIA AND INDIA WHERE THE HIGHWAY IS BEST CONSTRUED AS A RESPONSE TO A DEVELOPMENT THAT WOULD PROBABLY HAVE OCCURRED IN ANY EVENT, ALTHOUGH NOT NECESSARILY IN THE SAME MANNER NOR TO THE SAME EXTENT. THE EXAMPLES SUGGEST THAT, GIVEN A RELATIVELY STATIC OR DETERIORATING SITUATION BEFORE THE NEW TRANSPORTATION CAPACITY, ALONG WITH FEW READILY EXPLOITABLE NATURAL RESOURCES, THE TASK OF INITIATING SUSTAINABLE GROWTH IS BOTH MORE DIFFICULT AND PROTRACTED, WHICH IMPLIES THE NECESSITY OF COMBINING TRANSPORT INVESTMENT WITH OTHER POLICIES IF IMPORTANT CHANGES ARE TO OCCUR. THE THREE COUNTRIES WITH THE SLOWEST RATE OF OVERALL GROWTH COINCIDE WITH THESE RELATIVELY UNSUCCESSFUL CASES. THIS SUGGESTS THAT WHERE THERE IS A GENERAL LACK OF DYNAMISM THERE IS ALSO A GREATER PROBABILITY THAT A SPECIFIC INVESTMENT WILL NOT BECOME MUCH OF A SUCCESS.

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 10-18
  • Monograph Title: Transportation and economic development
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00201142
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Nov 21 1994 12:00AM