COMMUNITY CONSEQUENCES OF HIGHWAY IMPROVEMENT

A STATE-OR-THE-ART APPRAISAL WAS MADE OF STUDIES CONDUCTED THROUGHOUT THE UNITED STATES CONCERNING THE ECONOMIC IMPACT OF VARIOUS TYPES OF FREEWAY FACILITIES. THE LARGEST VOLUME OF LITERATURE OCCURS IN THE ANALYSIS OF THE EFFECTS OF BYPASSES, PARTICULARLY UPON SMALL COMMUNITIES. SUBSEQUENT FINDINGS REVEAL THAT NO GENERALIZATION CAN BE MADE THAT BYPASSES AID LOCAL BUSINESS ON THE BYPASSED COMMUNITY, OTHER THAN IN SOME REDUCTION OF CONGESTION OR INCREASE OF PEDESTRIAL AMENITY ALONG THE BYPASSED ROADS. NEXT IN SIGNIFICANCE TO THE BYPASS STUDIES ARE THE URBAN FREEWAY STUDIES, WHICH HAVE DEALT MAINLY WITH LAND VALUE CHANGES IN VARIOUS DISTANCE BANDS FROM AN URBAN RADIAL FREEWAY AND AT DIFFERENT DISTANCES FROM THE CENTRAL FOCUS OF THE URBAN REGION. THE APPARENT CONCLUSION FROM THESE STUDIES IS THAT LAND VALUES ARE MATERIALLY ENHANCED BY PROXIMITY TO A FREEWAY IN AN URBAN RADIAL CORRIDOR. THE FEW STUDIES DEALING WITH CIRCUMFERENTIAL ROADS IN URBAN AREAS ARE TOO DIVERSE IN THEIR NATURE TO LEAD TO ANY INTEGRATED RESULTS. SOME GENERAL GUIDELINES FOR CONDUCTING FUTURE IMPACT STUDIES ARE DISCUSSED AND AREAS FOR FUTURE RESEARCH ARE PROPOSED.

  • Record URL:
  • Availability:
  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Distribution, posting, or copying of this PDF is strictly prohibited without written permission of the Transportation Research Board of the National Academy of Sciences. Unless otherwise indicated, all materials in this PDF are copyrighted by the National Academy of Sciences. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. No 18, pp 1-37, FIG, REF, APP
  • Authors:
    • Horwood, E M
    • Zellner, C A
    • Ludwig, R L
  • Publication Date: 1965

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Serial:
    • NCHRP Report
    • Issue Number: 18
    • Publisher: Transportation Research Board
    • ISSN: 0077-5614
  • Publication flags:

    Open Access (libre)

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00201140
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, ATRI
  • Created Date: Nov 18 1994 12:00AM