REPORT OF INVESTIGATION OF URBAN ASPECTS OF THE HIGHWAY FINANCE PROBLEM

AS THIS RESEARCH IS STILL UNDERWAY THE FINDINGS ARE TENTATIVE. ON MANY IMPORTANT POINTS THE ABSENCE OF THE NECESSARY STATISTICAL DATA LIMITS RESEARCH TO DISCOVERY OF THE PROBLEM RATHER THAN OF THE MEANS TO THEIR SOLUTION. THE CONTRIBUTION BY URBAN AUTOMOBILE OWNERS OF A LARGE FRACTION OF THE STATE MOTOR VEHICLE TAX REVENUES, THE EXPENDITURE OF THESE REVENUES UPON THE CONSTRUCTION AND MAINTENANCE OF RURAL HIGHWAYS, AND THE ABSENCE OF STATE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE COST OF CONSTRUCTION AND MAINTENANCE OF URBAN STREETS, APPEARS TO INVOLVE AN INJUSTICE TO URBAN AUTOMOBILE OWNERS. THE PROBLEM, HOWEVER, IS NOT AS SERIOUS AS IT APPEARS, SINCE TRAFFIC TESTS INDICATE THAT THE BULK OF THE TRAFFIC ON RURAL HIGHWAYS IS URBAN TRAFFIC. NEVERTHELESS, SOME PARTICIPATION OF CITIES IN THE REVENUES FROM STATE MOTOR VEHICLE TAXES SEEMS JUST. THE SPACE OCCUPIED BY CITY STREETS WOULD BE NEEDED, EVEN IN THE ABSENCE OF SURFACE TRANSPORTATION, FOR PURPOSES OF ACCESS TO AIR AND SUNLIGHT, AND FOR CITY ORNAMENTATION. SOME PROPORTION OF THE COST OF PAVEMENTS IS PROPERLY TO BE CHARGED TO STREET RAILWAYS, HORSE-DRAWN VEHICLES AND PEDESTRIAN TRAFFIC. THE BULK OF THE COST IS NOW BORNE BY REAL ESTATE. URBAN MOTOR VEHICLE AND TAX REVENUES PROVIDE BUT A NEGLIGIBLE PERCENTAGE OF THESE COSTS. THE CASE FOR AND AGAINST A TRANSFER OF A MORE SUBSTANTIAL PART OF THE COST FROM REAL ESTATE TO MOTOR VEHICLE OWNERS IS BEING INVESTIGATED. THE INCREASING FINANCIAL BURDEN ON CITIES PROVIDING FACILITIES FOR GROWING AUTOMOBILE TRAFFIC, REQUIRES COORDINATION OF TRAFFIC CONTROL POLICIES WITH POLICIES WITH CONSTRUCTION AND MAINTENANCE PROGRAM. TRAFFIC CONGESTION IS AN AUTOMATIC BY WASTEFUL MODE OF TRAFFIC RESTRICTION, AND IT WILL BE NECESSARY TO DEVISE PROGRAMS OR RESTRICTIONS IN CONGESTED AREAS WHICH WILL PREVENT UNDUE CONGESTION BY RESTRICTING TRAFFIC AT PEAK PERIODS TO ECONOMICALLY EFFICIENT CARRIERS. CURRENT COMPARISONS OF EFFICIENCY IN PASSENGER TRANSPORTATION ON BASIS OF ROAD-SPACE-DISPLACEMENT PER SEATED PASSENGER ARE INADEQUATE. ROAD-SPACE-DISPLACEMENT PER ACTUAL PASSENGER MILE IS A BETTER FORMULA. THE POSSIBILITY OF ECONOMIC CONTROL OF TRAFFIC THROUGH THE DEVELOPMENT OF FEES BASED ON USE OF ROAD SPACE AT PEAK PERIODS IS BEING CONSIDERED.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Vol 5, Pt 1, PP 208-238, 5 TAB
  • Authors:
    • Viner, J
  • Publication Date: 1926

Media Info

  • Monograph Title: Proceedings of the Fifth Annual Meeting of the Highway Research Board Held at Washington, D.C. December 3-4, 1925. Part I: Reports of Research Committees and of Special Investigations
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00201002
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Nov 9 1970 12:00AM