FREEWAY DEVELOPMENT AND QUALITY OF LOCAL PLANNING

A SUMMARY IS PRESENTED OF THE FINDINGS OF AN INVESTIGATION OF THE NATURE AND EXTENT OF LOCAL PLANNING POLICY REGARDING THE INTEGRATION OF LAND USE AND TRANSPORTATION PLANNING IN WASHINGTON STATE. AN AREA OF WASHINGTON STATE INCLUDING ONE- HALF THE STATE'S POPULATION WAS SELECTED AS A SAMPLE FOR THE ANALYSIS. THE FOLLOWING TOPICS WERE INVESTIGATED: (1) THE LEGAL FRAMEWORK FOR MUNICIPAL PLANNING IN WASHINGTON STATE, (2) THE FINANCING AND STAFFING OF PLANNING AGENCIES IN THE STUDY AREA, (3) THE LEGAL SUFFICIENCY OF PLANNING PROGRAMS IN THE STUDY AREA, (4) THE NATURE OF MUNICIPAL COMPREHENSIVE PLANS IN THE STUDY AREA, AND (5) POLICIES REGARDING THE INTEGRATION OF LAND USE AND TRANSPORTATION PLANNING IN THE MUNICIPALITIES STUDIED. INFORMATION ON THE FINANCING AND STAFFING OF LOCAL PLANNING AGENCIES AND THE LEGAL SUFFICIENCY OF PLANNING PROGRAMS WAS OBTAINED FROM: QUESTIONNAIRES CIRCULATED TO THE MUNICIPALITIES, ORDINANCES AND OFFICIAL RECORDS HELD BY CITY CLERKS, AND THE FILES OF THE COUNTY AUDITORS IN THE RESPECTIVE JURISDICTIONS. RECOMMENDATIONS ARE MADE FOR THE EVALUATION OF THE LEGAL FRAMEWORK IN WHICH COMPREHENSIVE PLANNING MUST OPERATE WITHIN EACH STATE. THE TREND IS TOWARD THE ADOPTION OF A DEGREE OF SPECIFICITY REGARDING LOCAL PLANNING POLICY THAT THE NEW WASHINGTON ACT INCLUDES. THE NEED IS EMPHASIZED OF PERMANENTLY EMPLOYED PROFESSIONAL PLANNING OFFICIALS FOR EACH COMMUNITY. IT WAS DETERMINED THAT MOST OF THE MUNICIPALITIES IN THE SAMPLE FAILED TO UNDERTAKE EVEN THE CLEARLY STATED MANDATORY REQUIREMENTS OF DUE PROCESS AS PROVIDED FOR IN THE STATE PLANNING ENABLING ACTS. THREE CONCLUSIONS ARE DRAWN IN REGARD TO LEGAL SUFFICIENCY: (1) WEAKNESS IN LOCAL ADMINISTRATION, (2) INABILITY OF SMALL UNITS OF URBAN GOVERNMENT TO EFFECTUATE MANDATORY PROVISIONS PROPERLY, AND (3) INADEQUACIES IN STATE PLANNING ENABLING ACTS. POLICIES REGARDING INTEGRATION OF LAND USE AND TRANSPORTATION PLANNING ARE DISCUSSED. EFFECTIVE ADMINISTRATION BY A STATE OF ITS OWN ROADSIDE ZONING PROGRAM IN AN URBAN AREA IS QUESTIONED BECAUSE OF THE PROBLEM OF FRACTIONALIZING LAND USE POLICY BETWEEN STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT. IT IS CONCLUDED THAT THE EXTENSION OF ACCESS CONTROLS TO PORTIONS OF APPROACH ROADS OR DESIGN SOLUTIONS INVOLVING THE TEMPORARY PUBLIC OWNERSHIP OF ABUTTING LAND OFFER THE MOST FEASIBLE ALTERNATIVES TO THE REDUCTION OF INTERCHANGE CONGESTION.

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  • Authors:
    • Laing, Bruce C
    • Horwood, Edgar M
    • Graves, Charles H
  • Discussers:
    • Bauer, Kurt W
  • Conference:
  • Publication Date: 1962

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 101-120
  • Monograph Title: Land Acquisition 1962
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00200832
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Jul 8 1994 12:00AM