A COMPREHENSIVE METHOD OF SCIENTIFIC PROGRAMMING

BY UTILIZING STUDIES, ACCUMULATED DATA, AND THE NEWER TECHNIQUES NOW AVAILABLE, THE HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATOR MAY CONSTRUCT ON A SCIENTIFIC BASIS INVULNERABLE TO POLITICAL AND OTHER PRESSURES WHILE MAINTAINING FLEXIBILITY OVER BOTH THE SHORT TERM AND THE LONG TERM PROGRAMS. THE PLANNING AND TRAFFIC DIVISION OF THE MICHIGAN STATE HIGHWAY DEPARTMENT REVIEWED AND STUDIED METHODS OF HIGHWAY CLASSIFICATION, PRIORITY RATINGS, SUFFICIENCY RATINGS, HIGHWAY CAPACITY RATINGS, HIGHWAY NEEDS, BENEFIT QUOTIENTS, AND OTHER FACTORS FOR SEVERAL YEARS. THE MATERIAL IS MAINTAINED ON A CURRENT BASIS THROUGH CONTINUING SURVEYS AND STUDIES. A STUDY WAS INAUGURATED TO EVOLVE A METHOD OF SCIENTIFIC PROGRAMMING. HOWEVER, NO SYSTEM OR METHOD OF SCIENTIFIC PROGRAMMING EXISTED WHICH WOULD ENABLE THE ADMINISTRATOR FIRST TO PRESENT A SOUND PROGRAM, AND SECOND, TO BOLSTER HIS PROGRAM WITH UNIMPEACHABLE FACTS. IT WAS DETERMINED THAT SOME OF THE METHODS PREVIOUSLY USED WERE NEITHER LOGICALLY NOR MATHEMATICALLY SOUND, ESPECIALLY IN SUFFICIENCY RATINGS, SINCE ARBITRARY WEIGHTING OF THE ELEMENTS COULD PRODUCE ANY PREDETERMINED OR DESIRED RESULTS. ABUSE OF THIS FACTOR, PARTICULARLY TO SATISFY POLITICAL COMMITMENTS, HAS BEEN A MAJOR CAUSE OF UNSCIENTIFIC PROGRAMMING. EVENTUALLY, THE STUDY PRODUCED A METHOD, BELIEVED TO BE SUPERIOR, SINCE IT AVOIDS THE OBJECTIONS RAISED AGAINST OTHER METHODS AND APPROACHES THE IDEAL SOUGHT BY HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATORS. THE METHOD UTILIZES ONLY OBSERVED DATA, REPORTED BY TRAINED ENGINEERS, AND CAPACITY LIMITING FACTORS PROVIDED BY THE BUREAU OF PUBLIC ROADS. THE FORMULA DEVISED FOR ESTABLISHING CONSTRUCTION PRIORITIES IS TAMPER PROOF. MECHANICAL EQUIPMENT PROVIDES SPEED AND ACCURACY IN TABULATING THE DATA, BUT IS NOT ESSENTIAL TO OPERATION OF THE METHOD. FLEXIBILITY IS PROVIDED TO THE EXTENT THAT PROGRAMS CAN BE DETERMINED BY CARD SORTING, COMPLETE WITH ESTIMATED COSTS, ON ANY OF SEVERAL BASES, INCLUDING: BY TRUNKLINE ROUTES, FEDERAL AID SYSTEMS, COUNTIES OR HIGHWAY DISTRICTS, RURAL OR URBAN OR COMBINATION IDENTIFICATION, AND OTHERS. FINALLY, THE METHOD PROVIDES THE ADMINISTRATOR ALMOST IMMEDIATE PROGRAMMING ON A FACTUAL AND SCIENTIFIC BASIS UP TO THE LIMIT OF FUNDS AVAILABLE FOR ANY CONSTRUCTION PERIOD PLUS ADDITIONAL SCHEDULING ON THE SAME BASIS FOR ANY YEAR IN THE FUTURE FOR WHICH DATA IS AVAILABLE. /AUTHOR/

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Vol 35, pp 33-37
  • Authors:
    • Mcmonagle, J C
  • Publication Date: 1956

Media Info

  • Monograph Title: Proceedings of the Thirty-Fifth Annual Meeting of the Highway Research Board, Washington, D.C., January 17-20, 1956
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00200470
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Aug 15 1971 12:00AM