SPECIALIZED HIGHWAY PLANNING INFORMATION: SOCIAL, ECONOMIC, AND FINANCIAL ASPECTS

SOME OF THE MOST PRESSING SOCIAL, ECONOMIC, AND FINANCIAL PROBLEMS THAT FACE HIGHWAY PLANNERS ARE DESCRIBED AND DISCUSSED. THE PROBLEMS ARE DISCUSSED FROM THE FOLLOWING ASPECTS: DEMOGRAPHIC PROBLEMS, SOCIO-ECONOMIC ASPECTS, AND IMPLICATIONS OF FEDERAL HOUSING LEGISLATION. THE AVAILABLE SOURCES OF SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DATA ARE LISTED AND DESCRIBED. PROBLEMS RELATING TO THE FINANCING OF A PHYSICAL HIGHWAY PROGRAM, INSOFAR AS FINANCE AND TAXATION ARE CONCERNED, ARE: (1) HISTORICAL EVALUATION OF THE PRESENT STRUCTURE OF HIGHWAY FINANCING, (2) EVALUATION OF THE RELATIONSHIP OF HIGHWAY FINANCING AT ALL LEVELS OF GOVERNMENT TO THE FINANCING OF OTHER PUBLIC FUNCTIONS. (3) ALLOCATION OF HIGHWAY COSTS AMONG HIGHWAY USERS AND OTHER GROUPS ON THE MOST EQUITABLE BASIS POSSIBLE, (4) DEVELOPMENT OF A FINANCIAL PROGRAM THAT WILL MOST EFFECTIVELY, EFFICIENTLY, AND EQUITABLY SUPPORT THE PHYSICAL PROGRAM, AND (5) DEVELOPMENT OF A SCHEME OF INTER- GOVERNMENTAL FINANCING WHICH WILL PROVIDE FOR THE PROPER SHARING OF STATE-COLLECTED HIGHWAY-USER TAXES WITH SUB- ORDINATE UNITS, AND SUCH OTHER INTER-GOVERNMENTAL PARTICIPATION IN THE FINANCING OF HIGHWAYS AS MAY BE APPROPRIATE. A STUDY BY THE BUREAU OF PUBLIC ROADS ON THE HIGHWAY RESEARCH PROGRAM INDICATES THAT THE AREAS OF ECONOMIC, SOCIAL, AND FINANCIAL RESEARCH ARE BEING NEGLECTED. EFFECTIVE HIGHWAY-ORIENTED INVESTIGATION MUST STUDY THESE CRITICAL AREAS.

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  • Accession Number: 00200365
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Sep 29 1994 12:00AM