HIGHWAY RESEARCH ORGANIZATIONS

Description of Existing Organizational Patterns and Scope of Activities

A STUDY WAS MADE OF CURRENT HIGHWAY RESEARCH ADMINISTRATION TO DETERMINE: (1) THE VARIOUS PATTERNS OF RESEARCH ORGANIZATIONS, (2) THE ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF EACH PATTERN, (3) EXISTING PROCEDURES FOR PLANNING AND OPERATION OF RESEARCH PROJECTS, AND (4) MEANS OF UTILIZING RESEARCH FINDINGS. A QUESTIONAIRE WAS DESIGNED TO OBTAIN INFORMATION FOR ANALYSES IN EACH OF THESE FOUR PHASES OF STUDY. INFORMATION OBTAINED FROM THESE QUESTIONNAIRES BY ALL STATE HIGHWAY DEPARTMENTS DISCLOSES FIVE BROAD ORGANIZATIONAL PATTERNS, EACH HAVING VARIOUS DEVIATIONS AND COMBINATIONS IN FUCTION AND STRUCTURE: (1) NONCENTRALIZED RESEARCH, (2) FORMAL RESEARCH, (3) CENTRALLY COORDINATED RESEARCH, (4) JOINT RESEARCH, AND (5) CONTRACTED RESEARCH. IN ADDITION TO DISCUSSION OF THESE FIVE PATTERNS, HIGHWAY RESEARCH AS CONDUCTED BY ENGINEERING EXPERIMENT STATIONS IS DESCRIBED. THE TABLE PRESENTS A RECAPITULATION OF RESEARCH EXPENDITURES COMPARED TO CONSTRUCTION AND MAINTENANCE EXPENDITURES AS RELATED TO PATTERN OF RESEARCH ORGANIZATION. A COMPARISON IS PRESENTED OF ESTIMATED EXPENDITURES FOR PLANNING RESEARCH WITH THE EXPENDITURES DETERMINED IN THE ANALYSIS MADE OF EXPENDITURES OF FEDERAL-AID FUNDS FOR RESEARCH, INDICATES THAT THE EXPENDITURES FOR RESEARCH REPORTED BY THE PLANNING ENGINEERS MAY HAVE INCLUDED SOME PHYSICAL RESEARCHES. BASIC RESEARCH WAS FOUND TO CONSTITUTE ABOUT 10% OF THE TOTAL MONEY SPENT FOR HIGHWAY RESEARCH. FORTY OF THE FIFTY ONE HIGHWAY DEPARTMENTS REPORTED AN ESTIMATED TOTAL OF 400 RESEARCHERS FOR PHYSICAL AND NON- PHYSICAL RESEARCH.

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  • Supplemental Notes:
    • 44 PP, 12 FIG, 2 TAB, 16 REF, 1 APP Distribution, posting, or copying of this PDF is strictly prohibited without written permission of the Transportation Research Board of the National Academy of Sciences. Unless otherwise indicated, all materials in this PDF are copyrighted by the National Academy of Sciences. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved
  • Authors:
    • Campbell, M Earl
  • Publication Date: 1953

Language

  • English

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  • Accession Number: 00200331
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Aug 4 1994 12:00AM