Is the Effect of Quantified Road Safety Targets Sustainable?
Recent studies have shown that the setting of road safety targets is associated with a substantial reduction in road fatalities in the short-term. Although such targets may not themselves be responsible for the reduction in fatalities, they serve as a useful measure of the intention and commitment of road authorities to formulate timely road safety measures that lead to the achievement of the target. A quantified target is regarded as one of the key components of a road safety strategy. However, few studies have examined the degree of commitment and attention of road authorities to such targets in the long-term. In this study, we revisit the effectiveness of the quantified road safety targets set by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries, but with a different method, time scale, and group of comparison countries. We not only evaluate the associations between quantified targets and road fatality levels, but also measure the changes in the time-series trends in road fatalities over the long-term. The results indicate that all seven treatment countries analyzed experienced desirable changes in the time-series trend in road fatalities during the period under study, which implies an increase in road safety improvement over time.
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- Abstract reprinted with permission from Elsevier.
- Wong, S C
- Sze, N N
- Publication Date: 2010-11
- Media Type: Print
- Features: Appendices; Figures; References; Tables;
- Pagination: pp 1182-1188
- Safety Science
- Volume: 48
- Issue Number: 9
- Publisher: Elsevier
- ISSN: 0925-7535
- Serial URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/09257535
- TRT Terms: Before and after studies; Fatalities; Highway safety; Sustainable transportation; Traffic crashes; Transportation planning
- Identifier Terms: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
- Subject Areas: Highways; Planning and Forecasting; Safety and Human Factors; I72: Traffic and Transport Planning;
- Accession Number: 01173095
- Record Type: Publication
- Files: TRIS, ATRI
- Created Date: Aug 31 2010 11:09AM