ROAD TRANSPORTATION AND FOOD PRODUCTION

MANY SIGNS POINT TO A WORSENING WORLD FOOD CRISIS. THE GRAVITY OF THE SITUATION IS MEASURED BY CURRENT DEFICITS, FUTURE INCREASES IN DEMAND DUE TO POPULATION GROWTH, AND THE PRESENCE OF HIGH RATES OF POPULATION INCREASE IN COUNTRIES WITH LOW RATES OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY. THERE IS ALSO A GROWING SCARCITY OF NEW LAND, HENCE A GROWING DEPENDENCE ON COSTLY TECHNIQUES FOR ACHIEVING HIGHER YIELDS PER ACRE, INCLUDING THE DISTRIBUTION OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZERS AND OTHER AGRICULTURAL INPUTS. IN ADDITION, THERE IS A CONTINUING MIGRATION FROM RURAL AREAS WHERE SURPLUS FOOD IS PRODUCED TO URBAN AREAS WHERE IT IS CONSUMED. THE EFFECT OF THESE CONDITIONS IS TO INCREASE THE IMPORTANCE OF TRANSPORTATION AS A MEANS OF INCREASING FOOD PRODUCTION AND OF FACILITATING ITS DISTRIBUTION. TRANSPORT POLICY MAKERS IN DEVELOPING ECONOMIES, HOWEVER, HAVE GENERALLY FOCUSED ON TRANSPORT REQUIREMENTS FOR INDUSTRY. INDUSTRIALIZATION HAS INTRODUCED NEW TRANSPORT DEMANDS IN EMERGING NATIONS AND IS CHARACTERISTICALLY THE SOURCE OF THE LARGEST VOLUMES AND CONCENTRATIONS OF TRAFFIC. AS A RESULT, ATTENTION AND RESOURCES HAVE BEEN DIVERTED FROM THE MORE PERVASIVE BUT LESS SPECTACULAR TASK OF PROVIDING TRANSPORTATION FOR AGRICULTURE. THE FACT REMAINS THAT THIS ASPECT OF THE TRANSPORT PROBLEM, ESPECIALLY THE TRANSPORTING OF FOOD, IS PROVING TO BE BOTH MORE DIFFICULT AND MORE URGENT. THIS REPORT ANALYZES THE TRANSPORTATION ASPECTS OF THE FOOD PROBLEM THROUGH A BROAD SYSTEMS APPROACH THAT INCLUDES BOTH TRANSPORTATION AND NON-TRANSPORTATION INVESTMENTS. IT SUGGESTS NEW PLANNING AND ORGANIZATIONAL ARRANGEMENTS TO PERMIT ECONOMIC TRADEOFFS BETWEEN TRANSPORTATION AND OTHER INGREDIENTS OF AN AGRICULTURAL TAKEOFF. /AUTHOR/

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 1-10
  • Monograph Title: Highway transportation research, education and technology abroad
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00200038
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Oct 17 1994 12:00AM