STRUCTURE AND REQUIREMENTS OF THE TRANSPORT NETWORK OF SYRIA

THE RELATIONSHIP IS EXAMINED BETWEEN THE SPATIAL STRUCTURE OF A TRANSPORTATION NETWORK AND OTHER BASIC DISTRIBUTIONS REFLECTING THE DEMANDS FOR TRANSPORT FACILITIES IN SYRIA, A COUNTRY CARVED OUT FROM THE AGE-OLD TURKISH EMPIRE AFTER WORLD WAR I BY SOMEWHAT ARBITRARY INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARIES WHICH DISRUPTED OLD FUNCTIONAL OR NODAL PATTERNS AND THE WELL-DEVELOPED FLOWS OF COMMODITIES AND PEOPLE ASSOCIATED WITH THEM. MEASURES OF TRANSPORT NETWORK STRUCTURE ARE DERIVED FROM GRAPH THEORY, AND ARE RELATED BY MULTIPLE REGRESSION METHODS TO SPATIAL VARIATIONS IN THE DISTRIBUTIONS OF POPULATION, ECONOMIC ACTIVITY, AND THE PHYSICAL BASE. IN THIS FASHION THE VARIABLES HAVING A SIGNIFICANT EFFECT ON TRANSPORT NETWORK DEVELOPMENT ARE IDENTIFIED, AND THE VARIATION IN THE GROWTH OF THE NETWORK FROM PLACE TO PLACE WITHIN SYRIA IS DESCRIBED. THIS IS FOLLOWED BY THE IDENTIFICATION OF AREAS WHERE A LAG IN THE NETWORK DEVELOPMENT EXISTS, BASED ON THE FOREGOING ASSUMPTIONS. THESE MAY BE AREAS WHERE FUTURE DEVELOPMENT OUGHT TO BE UNDERTAKEN, ESPECIALLY IN PLACES WHERE A HIGH DEGREE OF GROWTH IN POPULATION AND ECONOMIC ACTIVITY IS TAKING PLACE. GRAPH THEORY TECHNIQUES ARE ALSO APPLIED IN THE EXAMINATION OF CHANGES THROUGH TIME OF TOTAL CONNECTIVITY OF A TRANSPORT NETWORK AND THE RELATIVE CONNECTIVITY OF MAJOR URBAN CENTERS. THE IMPORTANT CENTERS WHICH DECREASED IN CONNECTIVITY DUE TO THE REALIGNMENT OF THE NETWORK ARE IDENTIFIED, AS WELL AS NEWLY EMERGING URBAN CENTERS WHOSE RELATIVE CONNECTIVITY INCREASE PLACES THEM IN AN ADVANTAGEOUS LOCATION ON THE MAJOR TRUNK LINES OF THE DEVELOPING NETWORK.

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 19-28
  • Monograph Title: Transportation and economic development
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00200031
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Nov 18 1994 12:00AM