ECONOMIC QUESTIONS--FRANCE

THE PRINCIPLES OF COST/BENEFIT ANALYSIS AS APPLIED IN FRANCE ARE DISCUSSED. THE AMENDMENTS RECENTLY MADE TO THE METHODS OF CALCULATION ARE PRESENTED AND THE WAY IN WHICH THEY FIT INTO A MORE GENERAL PROCESS OF RATIONALIZING IS DESCRIBED. THE VARIETY OF CHOICES AVAILABLE ARE ANALYZED. IN AN INVESTIGATION OF DRIVER BEHAVIOR, THE CHOICE MADE BETWEEN DIFFERENT ROUTES IS WORKED OUT BY MODELS WHICH EXPRESS THE "COST" EXPERIENCED IN RELATION TO THE DISTANCE TRAVELLED, TIME TAKEN, THE CONDITIONS OF COMFORT, ETC. THIS KNOWLEDGE IS ESSENTIAL TO FORECAST TRAFFIC DISTRIBUTION AND TO ESTIMATE DRIVER SATISFACTION IN THE ESTABLISHMENT OF COST/BENEFIT CRITERIA. COST/BENEFIT CALCULATIONS FOR ROAD WORKS ARE BASED ON THE VALUE PLACED ON CERTAIN "BENEFITS" THAT IT IS HOPED THE DRIVER WILL OBTAIN. ROAD SCHEMES ARE ALSO PLANNED TO ENSURE A CERTAIN STANDARD OF SERVICE FOR DRIVERS. ROAD WORKS PROCEED ON THE STOP-GO PRINCIPLE: THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE NEW ROAD, AND THEN INCREASE OF THE SIZE OF THE ROAD, ETC. THE GENERAL ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF SUCH PROGRESSIVE IMPROVEMENTS ARE DISCUSSED AND THE RESULTS OF THE COST/BENEFIT STUDIES ARE PRESENTED. RECENT METHODS TO CHOOSE AND PLAN URBAN ROAD INVESTMENTS, SEEK TO MINIMIZE THE COST OF TRANSPORT, BY INCLUDING THE COST OF THE INVESTMENT AND AN ESTIMATE OF HOW USERS WILL BE DISTRIBUTED AMONG THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF TRANSPORT ACCORDING TO THE IMPROVEMENTS MADE. IN A STUDY OF THE DISTRIBUTION OF PRIVATE VEHICLES AND PUBLIC TRANSPORT IN URBAN AREAS, NUMERICAL DATA FROM RECENT SURVEYS IS PRESENTED AND THE FACTORS THAT MUST BE INCLUDED IN THE "COST OF TRANSPORT" ARE DISCUSSED. TARIFF STUDIES FOR ROADS ARE ALSO DISCUSSED. LEGISLATION WHICH MUST FIX A MAXIMUM AXLE WEIGHT FOR ROAD VEHICLES MUST TAKE INTO ACCOUNT THE COLLECTIVE COST OF THE TRANSPORT AND INCLUDE THE COST OF THE ROADWAY. IT IS DESIRABLE THAT TARIFFS APPLIED MUST DIRECTLY AFFECT THE USER. THE COLLECTIVE COST OF ROAD TRANSPORT IN RELATION TO AXLE WEIGHT WAS CALCULATED AND THEN THE "AXLE TAX," WHICH TOGETHER WITH THE EARLIER TAX, APPLIES ON CARS A LEVY AS CLOSE AS POSSIBLE TO THEIR REAL SOCIAL COST. THE PRINCIPLES OF THE CALCULATION OF THIS TAX ARE SET FORTH.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • QUESTION VI-6
  • Authors:
    • Thedie, J
    • Felix, P
    • Ville, G
    • Mills, J
    • Qiunet, E
  • Publication Date: 1971

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00202423
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 11 1974 12:00AM