ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS OF TRANSPORT FOR NATURAL RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT

THE ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS OF TRANSPORT FOR NATURAL RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT AND UTILIZATION ARE HIGHLY VARIED, WIDESPREAD, AND FAR-REACHING. SUCH PROBLEMS INCLUDE: EXHAUST EMISSIONS; NOISE AND VIBRATION; WASTE DISPOSAL AND OTHER POLLUTIONS TO LAND, WATER, AND AIR; AND HAZARDS TO HUMAN LIVING. THE PRECISE DIMENSIONS OF A PARTICULAR ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEM DEPEND ON THE TYPES OF RESOURCE MATERIAL TO BE MOVED, THE NATURAL CONDITIONS OF THE LOCATION, AND THE ECONOMIC, SOCIAL, AND COMMERCIAL CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE NATION OR REGION, AS WELL AS THE TECHNIQUES AND FACILITIES OR TRANSPORTATION TO BE USED. TO DEAL WITH THE VARIOUS PROBLEMS, IT IS NECESSARY TO UNDERTAKE APPROPRIATE TRANSPORT PLANNING FOR NATURAL RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT AND UTILIZATION FROM THE POINT OF VIEW OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY. THIS INVOLVES CONSIDERATIONS OF THE ECONOMIC AND PHYSICAL FACTORS AS WELL AS, IN EACH INDIVIDUAL CASE, A BALANCE BETWEEN COST AND BENEFITS. TRANSPORT PLANNING CALLS FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A SUITABLE POLICY AND A PROGRAM OF WORK WITH PROPERLY DEFINED OBJECTIVES AND PRIORITIES. WITHIN THE SCOPE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS THEMSELVES, STANDARDS HAVE TO BE SET AND ENFORCEMENTS HAVE TO BE EFFECTED. FOR SUCH TASKS, HOWEVER, THERE IS A CONSPICUOUS DEFICIENCY OF KNOWLEDGE WITH RESPECT TO THE INCIDENCE AND EXTENT OF THE SPECIFIC ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS AND THE TECHNOLOGICAL KNOW-HOW TO DEAL WITH THEM IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES. THUS IT IS SUGGESTED THAT RESEARCH STUDIES BE UNDERTAKEN IN THE FIRST INSTANCE IN THREE AREAS: (A) SURVEYS FOR DEFINING THE INCIDENCE AND EXTENT OF KNOWN ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS ARISING FROM TRANSPORTATION FOR NATURAL RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT IN IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES; (B) RESEARCH INTO THE UNIDENTIFIED AREAS OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATIONS OF TRANSPORT FOR RESOURCES PURPOSES; AND (C) RESEARCH INTO THE TECHNOLOGIES AND TECHNIQUES FOR CONTROL OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS OF TRANSPORT FOR RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT.

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: p. 1-16
  • Monograph Title: Transportation planning for natural resource and recreation development
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00202277
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: May 7 1973 12:00AM