ELECTRIC VEHICLE PROGRESS IN THE U.S.: WHERE TO?

At present, there are approximately 2,000 EV's in operation in the United States -- 1,700 automobiles, 450 vans, and 13 buses, logging a total travelling distance of more than 5 million miles. Manufactured by a variety of small and large companies, the EV's produced today are mainly commercial vans and passenger cars which are conversions of existing internal combustion (IC) vehicles. They can be driven from 25 to 50 miles before recharging is necessary, depending on speed and terrain, have a top speed of 55 mph and acceleration of 0-30 miles per hour in 9-12 seconds. The Government is committed to E&HV development through the Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Research, Development and Demonstration Act of 1976 (PL 94-413), approved by the U. S. Congress on September 17, 1976 and amended February 25, 1978 (PL 95-238). The intent of the Act is to shorten the time needed to develop an E&HV industry, to build up broad market acceptance for E&HV's and to reduce petroleum consumption. To this end, a Demonstration Program is being conducted to identify specific markets where E&HV's can be introduced and accepted. The demonstration program consists of site operators (fleet owners, small companies and individuals) operating up to 10,000 electric and hybrid vehicles over the next seven years. The schedule through 1984 includes 200 in FY 1978, 600 in FY 1979, 1,700 in FY 1980, 7,500 from FY 1981 through FY 1984. This article describes the extent of implementation of this program during 1978 and plans for future R&D work are given in considerable detail, including associated battery developments.

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  • Corporate Authors:

    Business Communications Company Incorporated

    471 Glenbrook Road
    Stamford, CT  United States  06906
  • Authors:
    • Greenberg, G
  • Publication Date: 1979

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00197223
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Engineering Index
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Sep 15 1979 12:00AM