IMPACT SLED TEST EVALUATION OF RESTRAINT SYSTEMS USED IN TRANSPORTATION OF HANDICAPPED CHILDREN
(Sled impact tests were conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of restraint devices and systems currently being used to transport school-bus and wheelchair-seated handicapped children. A sled impact pulse of 20 m. p. h. and 16 G's was used for all tests. The results generally show the ineffectiveness of many currently used devices and systems for protecting the child in a bus collision. In six of the eight bus seat tests the dummy's head struck the back of the bus seat in front. This was primarily because of a lack of upper-torso restraint. A padded belt commonly used for restraining children in wheelchairs is also inadequate by itself and should only be used with additional thorax and pelvic restraint. The practice of placing wheelchairs in a side-facing orientation was found to be a poor one for the protection of the child.
- From the Meeting held 26 February-2 March 1979.
Warrendale, PA United States 15096
- Schneider, L W
- Melvin, J W
- Cooney, C E
- Publication Date: 1979
- Features: References;
- Pagination: 20 p.
- Society of Automotive Engineers Preprint
- Publisher: Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE)
- TRT Terms: Automobiles; Child restraint systems; Dummies; Impact tests; Manual safety belts; Measures of effectiveness; Persons with disabilities; Restraint systems; Safety equipment; School buses; Transportation; Wheelchairs
- Uncontrolled Terms: Effectiveness
- Subject Areas: Safety and Human Factors; Transportation (General);
- Accession Number: 00197216
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: Engineering Index
- Report/Paper Numbers: SAE 790074 Conf Paper
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Sep 15 1979 12:00AM