Carbonation Curing of Slag-Cement Concrete for Binding CO2 and Improving Performance

Early age carbonation curing of slag-cement concrete was investigated to assess the feasibility of binding carbon dioxide (CO2) in slag-cement building products while improving their short-term and long-term performances. Four binder types were compared: an ordinary portland cement; an 85/15 slag cement; a 75/25 slag blend; and a 50/50 slag blend. A 2-h carbonation-curing treatment allowed concretes to bind 8–10% CO2 by mass of binder and attain as much as 82% of the 24-h hydration strength. The subsequent strength development of carbonated concrete was slower in the first 24 h possibly due to the carbonate buildup, but it was comparable to the conventionally hydrated concrete after 28 days. The carbonated concrete was shown to have a fracture toughness comparable to that of the hydrated concrete. The freeze/thaw durability of the concrete in deicing salt solution was vastly improved by the carbonation treatment. The pH of the carbonated concrete was reduced but was still above the threshold level required for the passivation of iron. The use of slag in carbonation curing is beneficial to strength gain, shrinkage reduction, and deicing salt resistance.


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  • Accession Number: 01157150
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 1 2010 5:03PM