Shaking Table Model Tests on Pile Groups behind Quay Walls Subjected to Lateral Spreading

This paper presents experimental results of 1-g shaking table model tests on a 3Χ3 pile group behind a sheet-pile quay wall. The main purpose was to understand the mechanisms of liquefaction-induced large ground deformation and the behavior of the pile group subjected to the lateral soil displacement. The sheet-pile quay wall was employed to trigger the liquefaction-induced large deformation in the backfill, and a study was made of the effect of several parameters such as soil density, amplitude and frequency of input motion, pile head fixity, and superstructure on the magnitude of soil lateral displacement and the maximum lateral force of liquefied soil. Furthermore, distribution of the maximum lateral force within the group pile was thoroughly studied. It was found that the force varies depending on the position of individual piles in the group. To evaluate the contribution of each pile in the total lateral force, a new two-dimensional parameter that is called contribution index was introduced and recommended values for each pile were suggested. Finally, it is concluded that displacement and velocity of soil are the most important parameters that affect the distribution of the lateral forces in the group pile, and these two parameters are highly dependent on the configuration of the ground (geometry).

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  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01155737
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 17 2010 5:38PM