2007 National Roadside Survey of Alcohol and Drug Use by Drivers: Alcohol Results

This report presents the prevalence estimates for alcohol-involved driving derived from the recently completed U.S. national field survey of alcohol and drug use by drivers (primarily of nighttime weekend drivers, but also daytime Friday drivers) and compares those estimates with the three previous National Roadside Surveys. This survey involved randomly stopping drivers at 300 locations across the 48 contiguous United States. Data were collected during 2-hour Friday daytime sessions (9:30 a.m. to 11:30 a.m. or 1:30 p.m. to 3:30 p.m.) at 60 locations and during four 2-hour nighttime periods (10 p.m. to midnight and 1 a.m. to 3 a.m. on Fridays and Saturdays) at 240 locations. Both self-report and biological measures were taken. Biological measures included breath-alcohol measurements on 9,413 respondents, oral fluid samples from 7,719 respondents, and blood samples from 3,276 respondents. A prior report described the sampling plan and data collection methodology and summarized the response patterns to the various stages of the multipart survey. A third report, based on analyses of the oral fluid and blood specimens collected, will present the first national prevalence estimate of drug-involved driving and of alcohol-plus-drug-involved driving. This report focuses on the alcohol breath-test results and how they relate to previous national surveys. It also summarizes response patterns to survey questions and to an alcohol-use-disorder-screening instrument. The data indicate a continuing trend over the past three decades of fewer alcohol-involved drivers on the Nation’s roads during weekend nights.

  • Record URL:
  • Corporate Authors:

    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation

    11720 Beltsville Drive, Suite 900
    Calverton, MD  United States  20705-3102

    National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

    Office of Behavioral Safety Research, 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Authors:
    • Lacey, John H
    • Kelley-Baker, Tara
    • Furr-Holden, Debra
    • Voas, Robert B
    • Romano, Eduardo
    • Torres, Pedro
    • Tippetts, A Scott
    • Ramirez, Anthony
    • Brainard, Katharine
    • Berning, Amy
  • Publication Date: 2009-12

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Edition: Final Report
  • Features: Appendices; Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 108p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01155060
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: HS-811 248
  • Contract Numbers: DTNH22-06-C-00040
  • Files: HSL, TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Apr 13 2010 11:52AM