Hydrogen Storage Options: Technologies and Comparisons for Light-Duty Vehicle Applications

This report is concerned with the characterization and comparison of various technologies for hydrogen storage for light-duty vehicle applications. The storage technologies considered are compressed gas, cryogenic liquid, metallic and chemical hydrides, and activated carbon at 77 K. The technologies were evaluated in terms of weight and volume metrics - %wt H2/ system kg and gm H2/system and an energy intensity metric kJ/kg H2 for preparing the hydrogen fuel and placing it into storage for use on-board the vehicle. It was found that these metrics varied widely for the various hydrogen storage systems studied. The United States Department of Energy has presented a series of design targets/goals for hydrogen storage system development. Technologies that meet these design goals for hydrogen storage would permit the development of fuel cell powered vehicles that would meet consumer needs for vehicle performance, range, cost, and utility. The results of the present study were compared with the DOE goals in order to assess the present and projected state-of-the-art of the various hydrogen storage technologies.


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  • Accession Number: 01155583
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: UC Berkeley Transportation Library
  • Report/Paper Numbers: UCD-ITS-RR-05-01
  • Files: BTRIS, TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 2 2010 2:38PM