Site Assessment and Risk Management Framework for Underwater Munitions

Underwater sites containing munitions and chemical warfare agents at the seabed level number in the thousands off the North American coasts, with many more worldwide. Historical sources such as military firing ranges, shipwrecks, and offshore munitions disposal have created these sites. The authors recommend an approach to underwater munition site management which involves management framework, site characterization, risk assessment, stakeholder consultation, monitoring, remedial options analysis, and survey/verification. A review of historical literature addressing potential underwater munitions site-associated health, safety, and environmental issues is presented in this paper. A risk-based underwater munitions site management framework also is described that was developed for a Canadian Department of National Defense underwater unexploded ordnance legacy site program. Historical and archival research, desktop mapping, data limitation and gap analysis identification, and preliminary priority risk-based ranking development of underwater munition sites in Atlantic Canada makes up this approach.


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  • Accession Number: 01154598
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 31 2010 11:16AM