The Evaluation of the Safety Benefits of Combined Passive and On-Board Active Safety Applications

One of the objectives of the European TRACE project (TRaffic Accident Causation in Europe, 2006-2008) was to estimate the proportion of injury accidents that could be avoided and/or the proportion of injury accidents where the severity could be mitigated for on-the-market safety applications, if 100 % of the car fleet would be equipped with them. The authors have selected for evaluation the Electronic Stability Control (ESC) and the Emergency Brake Assist (EBA) applications. As for passive safety systems, recent cars are designed to offer overall safety protection. Car structure, load limiters, front airbags, side airbags, knee airbags, pretensioners, padding and non aggressive structures in the door panel, the dashboard, the windshield, the seats, and the head rest also contribute to applying more protection. The whole safety package is very difficult to evaluate separately, one element independently segmented from the others. The authors decided to consider evaluating the the whole passive safety package, This package, for the sake of simplicity, was the number of stars awarded at the Euro NCAP testing. The challenges were to compare the effectiveness of some safety configuration SC I, with the effectiveness of a different safety configuration SC II. A safety configuration is understood as a package of safety functions. Ten comparisons have been carried out such as the evaluation of the safety benefit of a fifth star given that the car has four stars and an EBA. The main outcome of this analysis is that any addition of a passive or active safety function selected in this analysis is producing increased safety benefits. For example, if all cars were five stars fitted with EBA and ESC, instead of four stars without ESC and EBA, injury accidents would be reduced by 47.2% for severe injuries and 69.5% for fatal injuries.


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: CD-ROM
  • Features: Appendices; Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 11p
  • Monograph Title: Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine. 53rd Annual Scientific Conference, Baltimore, Maryland, October 5-7, 2009
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01153507
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, ATRI
  • Created Date: Mar 30 2010 11:37AM