NASS/CDS Delta-V Estimates: The Influence of Enhancements to the WinSmash Crash Reconstruction Code

This paper will discuss the WINSmash crash reconstruction code. The change in velocity (delta-V) crash severity metric in the National Automotive Sampling System/Crashworthiness Data System (NASS/CDS) is computed using the WinSmash crash reconstruction code. Beginning in 2008, NASS/CDS investigators have started to use an enhanced version of WinSmash, WinSmash 2008, which features a comprehensive vehicle specific library for over 5000 vehicle make-model-year combinations and updated categorical stiffness values. The use of WinSmash 2008 is expected to greatly improve delta-V estimates. However, there is concern that this may result in a step change in the NASS/CDS delta-V estimates, making it difficult to compare NASS/CDS 2008 with earlier years. A total of 1,808 collisions were recomputed using data from NASS/CDS 2007. The new version of WinSmash shows improved accuracy, but still underpredicts delta-V. The use of WinSmash 2008 increased the delta-V by 7.9% or 1.9 kph on average. The changes in delta-V were not evenly distributed. Delta-V increases were larger for side impacts (8.3%) than for back impacts (5.3%). The calculation type had little effect on the delta-V changes. For vehicles, pickup trucks showed a small increase (3.3%) and utility vehicles increased the most (9.6%). This jump in delta-V may prevent the data from NASS/CDS 2008 and later from being readily aggregated with previous years.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: CD-ROM
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 12p
  • Monograph Title: Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine. 53rd Annual Scientific Conference, Baltimore, Maryland, October 5-7, 2009
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01153508
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 30 2010 11:15AM