Spillover effects of yield-to-pedestrian channelizing devices

A great number of pedestrians are killed or injured in traffic crashes every year in the US. Vehicle crashes involving pedestrians are often more severe than other crashes because pedestrians are unprotected and are hence more likely to suffer injuries or death if struck by a motor vehicle. To improve pedestrian safety, a variety of treatments such as overhead flashing beacons, in-street crossing signs, in-roadway warning lights, and traffic calming measures have been used. One treatment, in-street yield-to-pedestrian channelizing devices (YTPCDs), has been used in many states, including Pennsylvania, where approximately 10% of traffic crash fatalities are pedestrians each year. In an effort to improve pedestrian safety, the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation (PennDOT) has widely deployed YTPCDs. This study examines the spillover (indirect) effects of such devices on motorist and pedestrian behavior. With data collected from eight sites that did not have but were in the vicinity of YTPCD implementations, analysis results show that such devices have significantly positive spillover effects on pedestrian safety at intersections, but they tend to have negative spillover effects at mid-block locations. Overall, the YTPCDs appear to have a positive impact on changing motorist and pedestrian behavior, and merit consideration for future usage of this type of device.


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  • Accession Number: 01153152
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 2 2010 11:28AM