A New Type of Damper with Friction-variable Characteristics

This article presents a new type of smart damper, which is based on an Energy Dissipating Restraint (EDR). The EDR by Nims and Kelly, which has a triangle hysteretic loop, behaves like an active variable stiffness system (AVS) and possesses the basic characteristics of a linear viscous damper but has difficulty in capturing the output and large stroke simultaneously needed for practical applications in engineering structures. In order to overcome this limitation, the friction surface in the original Sumitomo EDR is divided into two parts with low and high friction coefficients. The results of finite element analysis studies show that the new type of smart friction damper enables large friction force in proportion to relative displacement between two ends of the damper and has a large allowable displacement to fit the demands of engineering applications. However, unlike the EDR by Nims and Kelly, this type of friction variable damper cannot self re-center. However, the lateral stiffness can be used to restore the structure. The nonlinear time history analysis of earthquake response for a structure equipped with the proposed friction variable dampers was carried out using the IDARC computer program. The results indicate that the proposed damper can successfully reduce the earthquake response of a structure.


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  • Accession Number: 01150293
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Feb 18 2010 11:46AM