FE-DEM Analysis of the Effect of Tread Pattern on the Tractive Performance of Tires Operating on Sand

Soil-tire system interaction is a fundamental and important research topic in terramechanics. In this paper, the authors applied a 2-D finite element, discrete element method (FE-DEM), using FEM for the tire and the bottom soil layer and DEM for the surface soil layer. Satisfactory performance analysis was achieved. In this study, to clarify the capabilities and limitations of the method for soil-tire interaction analysis, the tractive performance of real automobile tires with 2 different tread patterns—smooth and grooved—was analyzed by FE-DEM, and the numerical results compared with the experimental results obtained using an indoor traction measurement system. The analysis of tractive performance could be performed with sufficient accuracy by the proposed 2-D dynamic FE-DEM. FE-DEM obtained larger drawbar pull for a tire with a grooved tread pattern, which was verified by the experimental results. Moreover, the result for the grooved tire showed almost the same gross tractive effort and similar running resistance as in experiments. However, for a tire with smooth tread pattern, the analyzed gross tractive effort and running resistance behaved differently than experimental results, largely due to a difference in tire sinkage in FE-DEM.

  • Authors:
    • Nakashima, Hiroshi
    • Takatsu, Yuzuru
    • Shinone, Hisanori
    • Matsukawa, Hisao
    • Kasetani, Takahiro
  • Publication Date: 2009


  • English

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01150911
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Feb 12 2010 1:36PM