SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS OF RIGHT-OF-WAY ACQUISITION

IN RECENT YEARS HIGHWAYS HAVE ACCOUNTED FOR AN ANNUAL AVERAGE OF OVER 50,000 DISPLACEMENTS OF FAMILIES AND BUSINESSES. THE RELOCATION PROCESS IS THEREFORE MORE VISIBLE TO THE PUBLIC THAN IT WAS IN THE DAYS WHEN HIGHWAY CONSTRUCTION OCCURRED LARGELY IN RURAL AREAS AND ONLY A FEW PEOPLE WERE DIRECTLY AFFECTED BY RIGHT-OF-WAY ACQUISITION. THIS PHENOMENON IS ACCOMPANIED BY ACCELERATING PROCESSES OF OBSOLESCENCE AND ABANDONMENT OF INNER CITY HOUSING AND OF A HOUSING SHORTAGE IN GENERAL. ACCORDINGLY, IT IS UNDERSTANDABLE THAT PUBLIC OPPOSITION TO HIGHWAYS IN GENERAL AND EXPRESSWAYS IN PARTICULAR SHOULD BE MOUNTING. ONE OF THE PRODUCTS OF THIS OPPOSITION IS THAT HIGHWAY PERSONNEL HAVE BEEN FORCED TO TAKE MUCH BROADER VIEWS OF "COST" AND "BENEFIT" IN PLANNING AND LOCATION. THE PRESENT STUDY DERIVES FROM CASE STUDIES OF RESIDENTIAL RELOCATIONS FROM THE RIGHT-OF-WAY OF THE PROPOSED I-90 ON THE WEST SIDE OF CLEVELAND, OHIO. IT TREATS BASIC SOCIOECONOMIC DATA; ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF RELOCATION; MOVING BEHAVIOR; NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITIES AND SOCIAL LINKS; REACTION TO RELOCATION BY AGE, LENGTH OF PRELOCATION RESIDENCE, INCOME, OCCUPATION, EDUCATION, COUNTRY OF ORIGIN, AND A SCALE OF ANOMIE; TYPE AND QUALITY OF RELOCATION HOUSING; REFUSAL TO MOVE; AND REACTIONS TO STATE PERSONNEL AND RIGHT-OF-WAY.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • 171 Pp, 20 FIG, 40 TAB, 27 REF, 3 APP
  • Corporate Authors:

    Ohio Department of Highways

    Columbus, OH  USA  43210
  • Authors:
    • Colony, D C
  • Publication Date: 1971-4

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00202050
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 2 1972 12:00AM