AVCEM: Advanced Vehicle Cost and Energy Use Model: Overview of AVCEM

This report describes AVCEM, an electric and gasoline vehicle energy-use and lifetime-cost model. AVCEM designs a motor vehicle to meet range and performance requirements specified by the modeler, and then calculates the initial retail cost and total private and social lifetime cost of the designed vehicle. It can be used to investigate the relationship between the lifetime cost, i.e., the total cost of vehicle ownership and operation over the life of the vehicle, and important parameters in the design and use of the vehicle. The model of vehicle cost and weight consists of a model of manufacturing cost and weight, and a model of all of the other costs (division costs, corporate costs, and dealer costs) that compose the total retail cost. The model of vehicle energy use is a second-by-second simulation of all of the forces acting on a vehicle over a specified drive cycle. The purpose of this model is to accurately determine the amount of energy required to move a vehicle of particular characteristics over a specified drivecycle, with the ultimate objective of calculating the size of the battery or fuel-cell system necessary to satisfy the user-specified range and performance requirements. Periodic ownership and operating costs, such as insurance, maintenance and repair, and energy, are in toto about the same magnitude as the amortized initial cost, and hence an important component of the total lifetime cost of ownership and use. Because of this, and because these costs can vary with the vehicle technology, it is helpful to estimate them accurately. Detailed estimates of the most important of these costs, maintenance and repair and insurance, are developed.


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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01150445
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: UC Berkeley Transportation Library
  • Report/Paper Numbers: UCD-ITS-RR-05-17(1)
  • Files: BTRIS, TRIS
  • Created Date: Feb 3 2010 6:25PM