Collecting and Using Weigh-in-Motion Data in LRFD Bridge Design

The HL-93, a combination of the HS20 truck and lane loads along with the AASHTO LRFD live load factors were calibrated using 1975 truck data from the Ontario Ministry of Transportation to project a 75-year live load occurrence. Because truck traffic volume and weights have increased and truck configurations have become more complex, the 1975 Ontario data does not represent present U.S. traffic loadings. Updating bridge live load models needs representative samples of unbiased truck weight data that meets accepted quality standards. A method that has been developed over the last 3 decades to capture truck loads in an undetected manner and obtain a true unbiased representation of actual highway loads is known as the Weigh-in-Motion, or WIM technology. The implementation of WIM systems in recent years has led to improving the quality and quantity of traffic data, which can be used to update the bridge design loads. The goal of NCHRP Project 12-76 was to develop a set of protocols and methodologies for using available recent WIM data collected at different U.S. sites and recommend a step-by-step procedure that can be followed to obtain live load models for LRFD bridge design. The protocols are geared to address the collection, processing, and use of national WIM data to develop and calibrate vehicular loads for LRFD superstructure design, fatigue design, deck design, and design for overload permits. The recommended protocols were implemented using recent traffic data from 26 WIM sites in 5 states (California, Texas, Florida, Indiana, and Mississippi) across the country. The states and WIM sites were chosen to capture a variety of geographic locations and functional classes, ranging from urban interstates, rural interstates, and state routes.

  • Availability:
  • Authors:
    • Sivakumar, Bala
    • Ghosn, Michel
  • Publication Date: 2009-12


  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01150905
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Feb 3 2010 4:05PM