Vibration-Based Structural Health Monitoring of Highway Bridges

In recent years, the condition of aging transportation infrastructure has drawn attention to the maintenance and inspection of highway bridges. With the increasing importance of life-lines, such as highways, to the national economy and the well-being of the nation, there is a need to maximize the degree of mobility of the system. This requires not just routine, or critical event (such as an earthquake) based, inspections, but rather a means of continuous monitoring of a structure to provide an assessment of changes as a function of time and an early warning of an unsafe condition using real-time data. A promising technique, namely Vibration-based Structural Health Monitoring, has been proposed to address this problem. The basic premise of Vibration-Based Structural Health Monitoring is that changes in structural characteristics, such as mass, stiffness and damping, will affect the global vibrational response of the structure. In summary, by studying the changes in measured structural vibration behavior and in essence solving an inverse problem, the unknown changes of structural properties can be identified. A new vibration-based structural health monitoring methodology for highway bridges is proposed in this report. Progress is made in several key areas, including operation modal analysis, damage localization and finite element model updating. The real-world implementation of a health monitoring system on a highway bridge demonstrates the effectiveness of the proposed technique and points out directions for future research.

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  • Corporate Authors:

    California Department of Transportation

    Engineering Service Center
    1801 30th Street, West Building MS-9
    Sacramento, CA  United States  95807

    California Department of Transportation

    Division of Research and Innovation
    1227 O Street, MS-83
    Sacramento, CA  United States  94273-0001

    California Department of Transportation

    Division of Engineering Services
    1801 30th Street, West Building MS-9
    Sacramento, CA  United States  95807

    University of California, San Diego

    Department of Structural Engineering, School of Engineering
    La Jolla, CA  United States  92093-0085
  • Authors:
    • Guan, Hong
    • Karbhari, Vistasp M
  • Publication Date: 2008-12

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 330p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01150460
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: UC Berkeley Transportation Library
  • Report/Paper Numbers: CA06-0081, SSRP-06/14
  • Contract Numbers: 59A0195
  • Files: CALTRANS, NTL, TRIS, STATEDOT
  • Created Date: Feb 2 2010 3:52PM