A BYPASS ECONOMIC IMPACT STUDY OF CIRCLEVILLE, PIQUA, AND ST. CLAIRSVILLE, OHIO

A STUDY WAS CONDUCTED TO DETERMINE WHAT ECONOMIC EFFECT A BYPASS ROUTE HAS ON A COMMUNITY WHEN THROUGH TRAFFIC FROM A MAJOR ROUTE IS REMOVED FROM THE URBAN STREET SYSTEM. BYPASS ROUTES SERVE TWO PURPOSES: (1) TIME AND MONEY IS SAVED BY THOSE MOTORISTS THAT DO NOT HAVE AN ORIGIN, DESTINATION OR INTERMEDIATE STOP PLANNED IN THE URBAN AREA, (2) TRAFFIC CONGESTION IS RELIEVED IN THE URBAN AREA. THE RELATIVE EFFECTIVE GAIN OR LOSS IN GROSS SALES OF BUSINESSES IN THE STUDY AREAS WAS DEVELOPED BY COMPARING THE REPORTED SALES OF THOSE RETAIL OUTLETS WHICH WERE LOCATED ON THE OLD ROUTE WITH SIMILAR BUSINESSES IN THE COMMUNITY WHICH WERE NOT AFFECTED BY THE RELOCATION. BEFORE AND AFTER STUDIES WERE CONDUCTED ON PARKING WITHIN THE CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT, GROSS SALES OBTAINED THROUGH SALES TAX RETURNS OF RETAIL BUSINESS, AND THE PROPERTY VALUE OF LAND ALONG THE SUPERSEDED ROUTES. TRAFFIC VOLUME COUNTS WERE MADE AT SEVERAL LOCATIONS ON THE ROUTE TO BE SUPERSEDED BEFORE THE BYPASS WAS OPEN TO TRAFFIC. APPROXIMATELY ONE YEAR AFTER THE BYPASS ROUTE WAS PLACED IN OPERATION, THE COUNTS WERE REPEATED AT THESE SAME LOCATIONS. BEFORE AND AFTER STUDIES WERE ALSO CONDUCTED BY MEANS OF AN EXTERNAL ORIGIN AND DESTINATION SURVEY CONDUCTED ON MAJOR ROUTES AT THE CORDON LINE OF EACH STUDY AREA. THE ORIGIN AND DESTINATION STUDY REVEALED THAT THE BYPASS CAUSED AN AVERAGE DECREASE OF 92% IN THE NUMBER OF THROUGH VEHICLES USING THE FORMER ROUTES. FROM THE PARKING SURVEY, THE PATTERN OF PARKING DEMAND DID NOT VARY GREATLY FOR EACH AREA. ALL THREE POPULATION CENTERS REGISTERED AN INCREASE IN THE PERCENT OF TOTAL PARKERS FROM THE COUNTIES EXCLUDING THE CITIES AREA. THERE WAS A 2 TO 3.5 PERCENT DECREASE IN THE TOTAL NUMBER OF PARKERS AND HOURS PARKED: ALTHOUGH TOTAL SALES FOR ALL THREE AREAS INCREASED. A GENERAL CONCLUSION WAS MADE APPLICABLE TO SERVICE STATIONS, MOTELS, AND TO SOME EXTENT RESTAURANTS: SMALLER POPULATION CENTERS TEND TO HAVE LESS INDUSTRY THAN LARGER ONES, AND CONVERSELY, ARE ECONOMICALLY MORE DEPENDENT ON HIGHWAY TRAVELERS WHEN LOCATED ALONG AN IMPORTANT HIGHWAY.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • 146 Pp, FigS, 6 TAB, 16 REF, 1 APP
  • Corporate Authors:

    Ohio Department of Highways

    Columbus, OH  United States  43210
  • Publication Date: 1970-3

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00201916
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Sep 21 1970 12:00AM