Impact of Motorcycle Helmets and State Laws on Society’s Burden: A National Study

This article reports on a study of the contribution of motorcycle helmet use to outcome and the efficacy of state helmet laws. The authors used the National Trauma Data Bank to identify motorcycle crash patients from 2002 to 2007. Data collected included demographics, markers of injury severity, resource utilization, and outcome and the study included a total of 76,944 who were in motorcycle collisions and had helmet use documented. Mean age was 36 years, Glasgow Coma Scale score was 13.7, and Injury Severity Score was 13.5. The 76% of the patients who wore helmets had lower Glasgow coma scale, injury severity score, head abbreviated injury scale, resource utilization, and mortality than unhelmeted patients. Logistic regression analysis indicated that helmet use has a strong protective effect on in-hospital mortality. The authors found that helmet use could save approximately $32.5 million by reducing ICU stay. The authors conclude that society bears a large financial burden for these uninsured unhelmeted patients and thus all states should have universal motorcycle helmet laws that are aggressively enforced. Appended to the article is a brief discussion of these issues by two of the article’s authors.

  • Availability:
  • Authors:
    • Croce, Martin A
    • Zarzaur, Ben L
    • Magnotti, Louis J
    • Fabian, Timothy C
  • Publication Date: 2009-9


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 390-394
  • Serial:
    • Annals of Surgery
    • Volume: 250
    • Issue Number: 3
    • Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
    • ISSN: 0003-4932

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01150394
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jan 30 2010 11:15AM